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The Silver Coins of England

Edward Hawkins, 1841
Sole Monarchs of England - Charles I, Table of Mint Marks

Table of Contents

Charles I., 1625-1649.
Table of Mint Marks

Annexed is a table shewing the description of pieces which have been struck with each MM. the + indicates that the pieces are in the Brit. Museum; the O, that we have seen them elsewhere; the C, that they are in Mr. Cuff's collection; B annexed to a cross indicates that the MM. is a book, L, that it is a Lis.

The marks upon the uncertain coins are so various, and so irregular in the different denominations of those pieces which appear to be of the same coinages, that they cannot be satisfactorily represented in the same kind of tabular view as those of the more regular series; they are therefore noticed in that portion of this work which is more particularly devoted to the description of mint marks.
Cr. ½Cr. Shil. 6d. 4d. 3d. 2d. 1d. ½d.
Thistle+
Lis, 1625,Sword raised, sq. sh.++
Bust in robes++++
Bust in robes, sq. sh. plumedC
Cross, on steps, 1626Sword raised, sq. sh.++
Sword raised, sq. sh. plumed+
Bust in ruff, armour+++
Bust in ruff, armour, sh. plumed+
Castle, 1627,Sword raised, sq. sh.
Sword raised, sq. sh., plumed++
Bust in ruff, armour+
Bust in ruff, armour, sh plumed+
Negro's head, 1626-7Sword raised, sq. sh.
Sword raised, sq. sh., plumed+
Bust in ruff, armour+++
Bust in ruff, armour, sh. plumed+
Anchor, 1628,Sword raised, sq. sh.
Sword raised, sq. sh., plumed+
Bust in ruff, armourC+
Bust in ruff, armour, sh. plumed
Heart, 1629-30Sword raised, sq. sh.
Sword raised, sq. sh., plumed+
Bust in ruff, armour*+
Bust in ruff, armour, sh. plumed+
* One sixpence is dated 1630, and is without cross under shield.


Cr. ½Cr. Shil. 6d. 4d. 3d. 2d. 1d. ½d.
Lis, 1630These MM. are not mentioned in Pollett's Abstracts.
St. George, 1630
Plume, 1630,Sword on sh. + on capar. ov. sh. C. R. above+
Sword on sh. + on capar. ov. sh. C. R. above, plumed+*
Bust in ruff, armour+++++
Bust in ruff, armour, sh. plumed++
Rose, 1631,Sword on sh. + on capar. ov. sh. C. R. above+
Sword on sh. + on capar. ov. sh. C. R. above, plumed+
Bust in ruff, armour+++
Bust in ruff, armour, sh. plumed++
†Bust in collar, no scarf, C.R. at sides+
Harp, 1632,Sword on sh. + on capar. ov. sh. C.R. above+
Sword on sh. + on capar. ov. sh. C.R. at sides+
Sword on sh. + on capar. ov. sh. C.R. at sides, plumed+
Bust in collar, no scarf++++
Portcullis, 1633,Sword on sh. + on capar. ov. sh. C.R. at sides+
Sword upright, no capar. ov. sh.
Sword upright, no capar. ov. sh., plumed+Rud.
Bust in collar, no scarf+++
Bust in collar, no scarf, no letters++
Bust in collar, no scarf, no letters, plumed
* One of these has on each side the rose crowned like the previous coinages; the other has the bust and shield like the subsequent ones. The plume was the MM. in 1630, in this year therefore the type of the penny was changed.
† This is the only penny which has C.R. at the sides.
+ Cr. ½Cr. Shil. 6d. 4d. 3d. 2d. 1d. ½d.
Bell, 1634,Sword upr. no capar. ov. sh.++
Sword upr. no capar. ov. sh., plumed
Bust in collar, no scarf, ov. sh. no letters+++
Bust in collar, no scarf, ov. sh. no letters, plumed+
*Crown, 1635,Sword upr. no capar. ov. sh.++
Sword upr. no capar. ov. sh., plumed+
Bust in collar, no scarf, ov. sh. no letters+++
Bust in collar, no scarf, ov. sh. no letters, plumed+
Ton, 1636,Sword upr. no capar. ov. sh.++
Sword upr. no capar. ov. sh., plumed+
Bust in collar, no scarf, ov. sh. no letters+++
Bust in collar, no scarf, ov. sh. no letters, plumed
1638,Bust in collar, no scarf, sq. sh.++
†Anchor, 1638,Sword upr. no capar. ov. sh.++
Bust in collar, sq. sh.+++
Triangle, 1639,Types as preceding+++++
Star, 1640,Do.O++++
‡ Triangle in circle, 1641Do.++++Sn.
* One half-groat has C.R. at sides of shield.
† The shield is always oval upon the half-groats, though square upon the shillings and sixpences of the same coinages.
‡ This was probably the last coin issued from the Tower mint by the king's authority, as in March, 1642, Sir John Coniers was made Governor of the Tower by the Parliament, who from this time usurped the king's name.
+ Cr. ½Cr. Shil. 6d. 4d. 3d. 2d. 1d. ½d.
§(P) 1643,Types as preceding++
(R) 1644,Do.+++
Eye, 1645,Do.++++
Sun, 1645,Do.+++++
Scepter, 1646Do.++++
Briot,Flower and B. Rev. B. 1632++++
Flower and B. no rev. MM., 1632Sn.+
B+++
Anchor and B. sh. sq. 1638+++
Anchor sh. sq., 1638+++
Anchor (and star on obv.), 1638+
Rose
Aberystwith,Open book+++++++
No. MM.+
Crown+Sn.+++Sn.
Lis
Cross?++
Chester,Three Gerbs+
Exeter,Rose, Horse prancing amid arms+
Rose,, no arms+
Oval shield betw. C. R. as type 2 c.+
Oval shield , C.R. above, as type 2 a.+
Oval shield garnished, as type 3, no date++
§ Leake suppposes, but erroneously? that the coins with this MM. were struck by the Parliament; Pollet places this MM. after (R), and assigns to it the date 1645, he is most probably correct.
+ Cr. ½Cr. Shil. 6d. 4d. 3d. 2d. 1d. ½d.
Exeter,*Rose, Oval shield garnished as type 3, 1644++++++++
*Rose, Oval shield garnished as type 3, 16 44+++
*Rose, Oval shield garnished as type 3, 1645+++
*Rose, Oval shield garnished as type 3, 1645, EX.+
*Rose, Oval shield garnished as type 3, 1645, Castle+
Castle, Oval shield garnished as type 3, 1645++
Castle, Oval shield garnished as type 3, 1645, EX.++
Rose, Declaration type, 1644, EX.++
Oxford, 1642,++++
Oxford, 1643,++++B
Oxford, 1643,OX+
Oxford, 1644,+B++L
Oxford, 1644,OX+++B+L
Oxford, 1645,OX+
Oxford, 1646,OX+
Oxford, 1646,+
Bust, arm, lion sh. 1644, OX++++LO+L
1644+
1645++
1645++
1646+++
Worcester,Pear. Rev. Three pears. HC in garniture+
* These four crowns have the scarf tied in a bow behind. The shield upon the three-pence is square.
+ Cr. ½Cr. Shil. 6d. 4d. 3d. 2d. 1d. ½d.
York,Lion, sq. sh. garn.+
Lion, ov. sh. garn.++
Lion, sq. sh. plain betw. C.R.†+++
Lion, ov. sh. garn. betw. C.R.‡+++
Lion, ov. sh. garn., lion's paws++
Bristol,1643, BR+++
1644, BR++++
1645, BR++
No date+
† The shield is over a cross, and C.R. omitted on shillings and three-pences.
‡ C.R. omitted on shillings, on some sixpences.

Charles I, Penny and Halfpenny | Table of Contents | Charles I, List of Mint Marks


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