TreasureRealm Home | Books | Other Countries | Coins for Sale

The Silver Coins of England

Edward Hawkins, 1841
Mint Marks - Henry VIII

Table of Contents

Henry VIII.

First coinage. Groats.

London.
Pheon. p. 128.
Portcullis crowned. p. 128. (390).
Castle. p. 128.

Half-groats.

London.
Portcullis. p. 128.

Canterbury.
Pomegranate, WA. p. 129.
Lis, WA. p. 129.
Martlet, WA. p. 129.

York.
Cinquefoil. p. 129.
A. p. 129.
Escallop. p. 129.
Star. p. 129.
Martlet, X B.
Cross voided, T W. keys and cardinal's had. p. 129.
Lis. p. 129.

Pence.

London.
Portcullis. p. 129. (394).
Pheon. p. 129.

Durham.
Mullet. D. W. p. 129.
Lis. T. D. p. 129.

Halfpence.

London.
Portcullis. p. 130.
Pomegranate, W. A. p. 130.

Farthing.

London.
Portcullis.

Second coinage. Groats.

London.
Rose. p. 130.
Lis. p. 130. (396).
Arrow. p. 130.
Sun and cloud. p. 130.
Pheon. p. 130.

York.
Cross voided, T. W. cardinal's had. p. 130.

Half-groats.

London.
Rose. p. 130.
Lis. p. 130.
Lis, rev. rose. p. 130.
Arrow. p. 130.
Sun and cloud. p. 130.

Canterbury.
Cross fleuree, W. A. p. 131.
Cross fleuree, rev. T. p. 131.
T. p. 131.
Escallop. p. 131.
Rose. p. 131.
Key. p. 131.
Rose; rev. cross fleuree and T. p. 131.
Catherine Wheel, T. C. p. 131.

York.
Cross, T. W. p. 131. (397).
Cross and pellet, T. W. p. 131.
Key, EL.
Key, LE.

Pence.

London.
Rose. p. 131.
Arrow. p. 131.
Lis. p. 131.

Durham.
Crescent, T. W. cardinal's hat. p. 131.
Trefoil. p. 131.
Star. p. 131.
Star, C. D. p. 131. (399).

Halfpence.

London.
Rose. p. 132.
Lis. p. 132.
Arrow. p. 132.

Canterbury.
No MM. WA. p. 132.
Catherine wheel, T. C. p. 132. (398).
Portcullis. T. C. p. 132.

York.
Key, E. L. p. 132.

Farthings.

London.
Arrow. p. 132. (400).

Third coinage. Shillings.

London.
Lis; rev. two lis. p. 133.

Groats.

London.
Lis, annulet in each fork of cross. p. 133.

Half-groats.

London.
Lis, annulet in each fork of cross. p. 133.

Penny.

London.
Lis. p. 133.

Shillings.

London.
Lis and annulet inclosing pellet; rev. annulet with pellet. p. 134. (401).
Annulet, rev. annulet and pellet. p. 134.

Groat.

London.
Lis, annulet and pellet in forks of cross. p. 134.
Arrow, annulet between the forks. p. 134.
Rev. picklock, half rose between the forks. p. 134.
Martlet, half rose between the forks. p. 134. (402).
No MM. S. between the forks. p. 134.

Bristol.
W. S. in monogram. p. 134.

Canterbury.
No MM. half rose in the forks. p. 134.

York.
No MM. trefoils in rev. legend. p. 134.

Half-groats.

Bristol.
Lis and WS. p. 135. (404).
Lis and lis in the forks of cross. p. 135.

Penny.

London.
Rev. picklock. p. 135.
Lis, p. 135.

Bristol.
Lis and pellets. p. 135.

Fourth coinage. Shillings.

London.
Annulet inclosing pellet. p. 136.
E. balls with florets in the legend. p. 136. (409).

Groats.

London.
Martlet, half rose in the forks. p. 136.
Bow. p. 136.
E. p. 136.
Lis? open lozenges in legend, E in the forks. p. 136.

Bristol.
Rev. W. S. rose and lis in legend, lis in the forks. p. 136.
Rose, rev. as preceding. p. 136.
Small cross, rev. as preceding. p. 136.
TL? in monogram or E, rose and trefoil in legend, trefoil in forks. p. 136.

Canterbury.
Trefoils in rev. legend. p. 136.

York.
Trefoils in rev. legend. p. 136.

Half-groats.

Bristol.
W. S. p. 136.
W. S., lis after CIVITAS. p. 136.

Pennies.

Canterbury.
Open quatrefoils in legend. p. 137.

Fifth coinage. Shillings.

London.
Annulet inclosing pellet. p. 137.
S. ? rev. E. balls with florets in legend. p. 137.

Groat.

London.
Annulet in the forks, REDDE CVIQVE &c. p. 137.
Bow. p. 137.
Bow, rev. picklock. p. 137.

Bristol.
Rev. W. S. cinquefoil and pierced cross in legend, annulet in the forks. p. 137.

Canterbury.
Annulet in the forks. p. 137.
Lis, pierced crosses in legend. p. 137.
No MM. half rose in the forks. p. 137.

Half-groats.

London.
E. pierced cross before and after legend. p. 137.
E, two pierced crosses before LONDON. p. 137.
REDDE CVIQVE. &c. p. 138.

Canterbury.
No MM. p. 137.

York.
No MM. p. 137.

Pennies.

London.
Rev. E. ? p. 138.
Arrow, RED. CVIQ. &c. p. 138.

Canterbury.
No MM.

York.
No MM.

The portcullis was derived from the Beauforts, and had been used as a favourite badge by Henry VII., who appointed an additional poursuivant to whom he gave the name of Portcullis.

The arrow may perhaps have been adopted as a mark in allusion to Henry VIII. having taken as his badge, at the field of the cloth of gold, an archer drawing his arrow to the head.

The pomegranate appears only on the Canterbury coins of Henry VIII., having been placed there by Abp. Wareham, under whose delegated authority they were struck, and who was greatly attached to Catherine of Arragon, of whom it was the family badge.

The Catherine wheel was used upon the Canterbury coins struck by authority of Abp. Cranmer in compliment of Queen Catherine and in reference to her name.

The bow is in reference to the name and armorial bearings of Sir Martin Bowes, Master of the Mint.

W. S. initials of Sir. W. Sharington, Master of the Mint at Bristol.

E and E are probably initials of some high officers of the mint, but we cannot discover, in the imperfect lists which we possess, any name to which they can be appropriated.

The letter S which is seen in the forks of the cross on some reverses, and rarely as a mint mark, may possibly be the initial of John Sharpe, who was an engraver at the mint.

Mint Marks, Henry VII | Table of Contents | Mint Marks, Edward VI


Custom Search

Online Numismatic Books
To TreasureRealm Homepage | Index of Coin Papers

Terms of Use - Privacy Policy - Contact - Home

© 1996-2017 TreasureRealm