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Mintmarks on English Coins

EDWARD III
     1351-1352     CROSS
     1351-1357     CROZIER ON CROSS END ( Durham)
     1352-1353     BROKEN CROSS
     1354-1355     CROSS
     1356          CROWN
     1356-1361     CROSS
     1361-1369     CROSS POTENT
     1369-1377     CROSS PATTÉE
                   CROSS POTENT AND FOUR PELLETS
RICHARD II
     1377-1399     CROSS PATTÉE
HENRY IV
     1399-1412     CROSS PATTÉE
                   CORONET (Calais)
     1412-1413     CROSS PATTÉE
HENRY V
     1413-1422     CROSS PATTÉE (WITHOUT CENTRAL PELLET)
                   CROSS PATTÉE (WITH CENTRAL PELLET)
                   PIERCED CROSS (18)
HENRY VI
     1422-1460     PLAIN CROSS
                   LIS
     1422-1427     PIERCED CROSS
     1427-1434     CROSS PATONCE
                   CROSS FLEURÉE 
     1434-1435     VOIDED CROSS
     1435-1460     CROSS FLEURÉE
     1460          LIS
EDWARD IV
     1461-1464     LIS
                   CROSS FLEURÉE
                   PLAIN CROSS
     1464-1465     ROSE
     1465-1467     PALL (Canterbury)
     1465-1466     SUN
     1466-1467     CROWN
     1467-1470     LIS (York)
     1467-1468     CROWN } often
                   SUN     combined
     1468-1469     CROWN } sometimes
                   ROSE    combined
     1469-1470     LONG CROSS FITCHÉE } often
                   SUN                       combined
HENRY VI, restored
     1470-1471     CROSS PATTÉE 
                   RESTORATION CROSS
                   TREFOIL
                   ROSE (Bristol)
                   LIS
                   SHORT CROSS FITCHÉE
EDWARD IV, second reign
     1471-1483     ROSE (York and Durham).
     1471          SHORT CROSS FITCHÉE
     1471-1472     ANNULET, LARGE
                   TREFOIL
                   ROSE (BRISTOL)
     1472-1473     ANNULET, SMALL
                   SUN (BRISTOL)
     1473-1477     ANNULET WITH PELLET
                   CROSS AND 4 PELLETS
                   CROSS PATTÉE
     1477-1480     PIERCED CROSS AND PELLET
                   PIERCED CROSS
                   PIERCED CROSS, CENTRAL PELLET
                   ROSE (CANTERBURY)
     1480-1483     HERALDIC CINQUEFOIL
                   LONG CROSS FITCHÉE (CANTERBURY)
     1483          HALVED SUN (6 RAYS) AND ROSE (?)
EDWARD V
     1483          HALVED SUN (6 RAYS) AND ROSE
                   BOAR'S HEAD
RICHARD III
     1483          HALVED SUN AND ROSE
     1483-1485     BOAR'S HEAD
                   HALVED SUN AND ROSE
HENRY VII
     1485-1490     HALVED SUN AND ROSE
                   LIS UPON SUN AND ROSE
                   LIS UPON HALF ROSE
                   LIS-ROSE DIMIDIATED
                   ROSE
                   CROSS FITCHÉE
     1486-1500     TUN (CANTERBURY)  } sometimes
     1490-1494     LIS                 combined
                   CROZIER (DURHAM)
     1490-1504     HERALDIC CINQUEFOIL
                   ESCALLOP
                   PANSY
                   LEOPARD'S HEAD
                   LIS-ISSUANT-FROM ROSE
                   ANCHOR
     1500-1507     LIS
                   GREYHOUND'S HEAD 
     1501-1509     MARTLET (YORK and CANTERBURY)
     1504-1507     DRAGON
                   CROSSLET
     1504-1509     ROSE
     1507-1509     PHEON
HENRY VIII
     1509-1526     PHEON
                   CASTLE
                   CASTLE WITH H
                   PORCULLIS CROWNED
                   MARTLET (CANTERBURY)
                   POMEGRANATE (CANTERBURY)
                   CROSS FITCHÉE (CANTERBURY, DURHAM)
     1509-1514     MARTLET (YORK)
     1514-1526     STAR (YORK)
                   PANSY (YORK)
                   ESCALLOP (YORK)
                   VOIDED CROSS (YORK)
     1525-1544     ROSE
                   LIS
                   ARROW
                   SUNBURST
                   PHEON
                   LIS
                   STAR (DURHAM)
     1526-1529     CRESCENT (DURHAM)
                   TREFOIL (DURHAM)
                   FLOWER OF EIGHT PETALS AND CIRCLE CENTER (DURHAM)
     1526-1530     CROSS (YORK)
                   ACORN (YORK)
     1526-1532     CROSS PATONCE (CANTERBURY)
                   T (CANTERBURY)
                   UNCERTAIN MARK (CANTERBURY)
     1530-1544     KEY (YORK)
     1533-1544     CATHERINE WHEEL (CANTERBURY)
     1544-1547     LIS
                   ANNULET-WITH-PELLET
                   S
                   LOMBARDIC E
                   ROMAN E
     1546-1547     WS MONOGRAM (BRISTOL)
EDWARD VI
With name of HENRY VIII
     1547-1548     LIS
     1547-1549     ARROW
                   K
                   ROMAN E (SOUTHWARK)
                   WS MONOGRAM (BRISTOL)
     1548-1549     BOW (DURHAM HOUSE)
     1549          TC MONOGRAM (BRISTOL)
                   LIS (CANTERBURY)
                   ROSE (CANTERBURY)
                   GRAPPLE (DURHAM HOUSE)
     1549-1550     t (CANTERBURY)
     1550-1551     MARTLET
With his own name
     1548-1549     BOW (DURHAM HOUSE)
     1549          ARROW
                   ROSE
                   TC MONOGRAM (BRISTOL)
                   ROMAN E (SOUTHWARK)
                   PHEON
                   GRAPPLE (DURHAM HOUSE)
                   TREFOIL
                   t OR T (CANTERBURY)
     1549-1550     SWAN
                   ROMAN Y
                   6
     1550          MARTLET
     1550-1551     LION
                   LIS
                   ROSE
     1551          y
                   OSTRICH HEAD
     1551-1553     TUN
                   ESCALLOP
     1552-1553     PIERCED MULLET (YORK)
PHILIP and MARY
     1554-1558     LIS
                   HALVED ROSE AND H OR CASTLE
ELIZABETH I
Sixpence. Shil. 4d. 3d. 2d. 1d. 1½d. 3/4 d. ½d.
Martlet. . .+--++
Cross crosslet. . .++--++
Fleur de lis. . .++--++
Pheon1561----+--++
1562----+--+
1563--------
1564----+--
1565----+--
Rose1565----+--
Portcullis1566----+--
Lion1566--------
1567--------
Coronet1567----+++
1568----+--
1569----+--
1570--------
Castle1569------R
1570----+--
1571----+--
Ermine1571--------
1572----+--+
1573----+--
Acorn1573----+--+
1574--------
Cinquefoil1574----+--R++
1575----+--++
1576----+--
1577--------
Cross1577--------+
1578----+--+
1579----+--+
1580----+--
1581----+--
Sword1582----+--+
Bell1582+----++
1583--------
1584--------
A1582+----+++
1583--------
1584--------
Scallop1584+----++
1585--------
1586--------
Crescent1587+----++
1588--------
1589--------
Hand1590+----+++
1591--------
1592--------
Ton1592+----+++
1593--------
1594--------
1595--------
Woolpack1594+----+++
1595--------
1596--------
Key1595+----+++
1596--------
1597--------
1598--------
Anchor1597+------++
1598--------
1599--------
1600--------
Annulet1600+------++
11601+----+++
1602--------
21602+----+++
Star1561++++
1562+
1562
1562
1563S+
1564S.R
1566
Fleur de lis1567+S.R.
1568
1570
Mullet pierced1570
Castle1571
Mullet1574+
1575
Snelling S. Ruding R. } coins with these letters opposite we have not seen, but they are given upon the authority of those writers.
The dates indicate the sixpences; the crosses mark the other coins which we have actually seen. As the shillings, groats, half-groats and smaller coins do not bear dates, they are only marked once to each MM., but they were probably struck during the other years when the same MM. was used.
JAMES I
Cr. ½Cr. Shil. 6d. 2d. 1d. ½d.
ThistleMay 21, 1603Exurg+++++++
-------1604--------------+------
-----------Quae deus++--Sn.------
LisMay 22, 1604Exurg+++++++
-------Quae deus++++
---1605Quae deus------+------
RoseJune 20, 1605Sn.Sn.++
----1606------+
EscallopJuly 10, 1606CSn.+++
--------1607------Sn.
GrapesJune 30, 1607----++
CoronetNov. 11, 1607----++----+
-------1608------+
KeyMay 17, 1609----++
BellMay 11, 1610----++--+
MulletMay 9, 1611----+++
TowerMay 22, 1612----+Sn.++
TrefoilApl. 28, 1613++--+
CinquefoilOct 20,----+++
TonMay 17, 1615----++
BookNov 15, 1616----Sn.+
CrescentAug. 23, 1617
Plain crossMay 15, 1618--------+
Saltire crossJune 9, 1619
Spur rowelAug. 20, 1619Sn.+
RoseJune 23, 1620C
----1621+++++
ThistleJune 8, 1621+?+?+++
-----------Plume+--+--------
-------1622------+------
-------1623------+------
LisJuly 3, 1623--C ?+++++
-------PlumeC++--------
---1624------+
TrefoilJune 27, 1624Sn.Sn.++++
-----------Plume+++

CHARLES I
See Mint Marks in Hawkin's Silver Coinage etc

COMMONWEALTH
Cr. ½Cr. Shil. Six.
1649 MM. SunC+++
1650 MM. Sun
1651 MM. Sun++++
1652 MM. Sun++++
1653 MM. Sun++++
1654 MM. Sun++++
1655 MM. Sun++
1656 MM. Sun++++
1657 MM. SunH?H?
1658 MM. Anchor+++
1659 MM. AnchorC?T?
1660 MM. Anchor+++

The coins of 1658 and 1660 are exceedingly rare; it will be seen from the above table that there are not any of 1650; those of 1657 and 1659 rest upon the authority of Mr. Tutet, and an accurate examination of the pieces mentioned would probably lead to the detection of some fraud like that upon the Museum shilling of 1659, and upon the sixpence of 1650. Half-groats, pence, and halfpence, are not noted in the table because they are without date or MM. Of the year 1655 there is a half-crown in the Br. Mus.; but it is plated, and manifestly a contemporaneous forgery.


CHARLES II
     1660-1662     Crown on all hammered coins only


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