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Survey of Medieval Iberian Coinages

Part III, Catalonian Feudal Coins
J F Lhotka and P K Anderson
Reprinted here by the Gracious Permission of the ANA


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1 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Bishops of Gerona, Anonymous issue (Silver Denier )
O Facing bust of the Virgin in veil and holding a cross
SANTA MARIA
R Cross with annulet in first and fourth quarters
GIRVNDA
Image not available
2 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Bishops of Gerona, Anonymous issue (Silver Denier )
O Balances or scales with the letters ST to the left, VM to the right, and an annulet below
ST / VM
R Cross
GIRVNDA
Image not available
3 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Bishops of Gerona, Anonymous issue (Silver Denier )
O Nimbate facing bust of Chirst
R Cross
GIRVNDA
Image not available
4 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Bishops of Gerona, Anonymous issue (Silver Denier )
O Half figure of an Angel facing the left, the letter P before
P
R Cross
GIRVNDA
Image not available
5 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Bishops of Gerona, Anonymous issue (Silver Denier )
O Cross
SANCTA CRUX
R Legend between floral ornaments
GIRNDA
Image not available
6 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Bishops of Gerona, Anonymous issue (Silver Obol )
O Cross
SANCTA CRUX
R Legend between floral ornaments
GIRNDA
Image not available
1 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Bishops of Vich, Anonymous issue (Silver Denier )
O Bust of Saint Peter left, letters S and P before and behind
S P
R Legend surrounding a short cross
+AVSONA
Image not available
1A Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Bishops of Vich, Anonymous issue (Silver Denier )
O Bust of Saint Peter left, letters S and P before and behind
S P
R Legend arranged in two lines and punctuated with a star at end and divided as indicated by a long cross
AV SO NA*
Image not available
2 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Bishops of Vich, Anonymous issue (Silver Denier )
O Facing busts of Saint Peter and Saint Paul separated by a cross
S.PETRVS.S.PAVLVS
R Figure standing with two bullocks. Legend in field
AVSO NA
Image not available
3 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Bishops of Vich, Anonymous issue (Silver Denier )
O Facing busts of Saint Peter and Saint Paul separated by a cross
S.PETRVS.S.PAVLVS
R Bishops figure offer ing blessing, the letter B to the left of his head
B
Image not available
4 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Bishops of Vich, Anonymous issue (Silver Denier )
O Nimbate bust of Saint Paul facing left
S.P. AVS
R Long shafted cross rising from floral base. Identical to crosses found on the early coinage of Aragon and Navarre
RMN BRG
Image not available
5 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Bishops of Vich, Anonymous issue (Silver Denier )
O Legend surrounding the mitered head of a bishop facing left, crozier before face
+EPISCOPI VICI
R Two keys separated by a long cross
SANCTI.PETRI
Image not available
5A Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Bishops of Vich, Anonymous issue (Silver Obol )
O Legend surrounding the mitered head of a bishop facing left, crozier before face
+EPISCOPI VICI
R Two keys separated by a long cross
SANCTI.PETRI
Image not available
1 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Besalu, Anonymous issue (Silver Denier )
O Facing bust of the Virgin
SANCTA MARIE
R Legend arranged in limbs of voided cross interrupting the circular legend as indicated
CR·VX (vertical) SAN·CTA (horizontal) BI SIL DV NO (circular)
Image not available
1A Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Besalu, Anonymous issue (Silver Obol )
O Facing bust of the Virgin
SANCTA MARIE
R Legend arranged in limbs of voided cross interrupting the circular legend as indicated
CR·VX (vertical) SAN·CTA (horizontal) BI SIL DV NO (circular)
Image not available
2 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Besalu, Anonymous issue (Silver Denier )
O Virgin standing to the left, the letters S and R on either side in the field
S R
R A right hand, palm outward
BISILDVNO
Image not available
2A Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Besalu, Anonymous issue (Silver Denier )
O Virgin standing to the left, the letters S and R on either side in the field, slight alteration in the letter S
S R
R A right hand, palm outward
BISILDVNO
Image not available
3 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Besalu, Anonymous issue (Silver Denier )
O Virgin standing to the left, the letters S and R on right side in the field
S R
R A right hand, palm outward
BISIDV
Image not available
3A Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Besalu, Anonymous issue (Silver Obol )
O Virgin standing to the left, the letters S and R on right side in the field
S R
R A right hand, palm outward
BISIDV
Image not available
4 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Besalu, Anonymous issue (Silver Denier )
O Legend arranged in limbs of voided cross interrupting the circular legend as indicated
CR·VX (vertical) SAN·CTA (horizontal) BR NR DS CO (circular)
R A right hand, palm outward
BISILDVNO
Image not available
4A Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Besalu, Anonymous issue (Silver Obol )
O Legend arranged in limbs of voided cross interrupting the circular legend as indicated
CR·VX (vertical) SAN·CTA (horizontal) BR NR DS CO (circular)
R A right hand, palm outward
BISILDVNO
Image not available
5 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Besalu, Anonymous issue (Silver Denier )
O Legend arranged in limbs of voided cross interrupting the circular legend as indicated. Legends in the cross are inverted
CR·VX (vertical) SAN·CTA (horizontal) BR NR DS CO (circular)
R A right hand, palm outward
BISILDVNO
Image not available
1 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Municipal series, Lerida, Anonymous issue (Bronze Pugesa )
O Branch of three fleur-de-lis in a lozenge
PUG ESAD ELE IDA
R Branch of three fleur-de-lis in a lozenge
PUG ESAD ELE IDA
Image not available
2 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Municipal series, Lerida, Anonymous issue (Bronze Pugesa )
O Branch of three fleur-de-lis in a lozenge
PUG ESAD ELE IDA
R Branch of three fleur-de-lis in a lozenge
Image not available
3 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Municipal series, Lerida, Anonymous issue (Bronze Pugesa )
O Branch of three fleur-de-lis on field
R Branch of three fleur-de-lis on field
Image not available
4 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Municipal series, Lerida, Anonymous issue (Billion Pugesa or One Third Croat )
O Crowned bust facing the left, no legend
R Legend divided as indicated by long equilateral cross with the quadrant occupied by three pellets and an annulet alternately
ILE RD AN CIS
Image not available
5 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Municipal series, Arbeca, Anonymous issue (Bronze Unknown )
O Head of eagle to left in circle of dots
:+:DE: AR: BE: CA
R Thistle in circle of dots
:+:DE: AR: BE: CA
Image not available
6 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Municipal series, Arbeca, Anonymous issue (Bronze Unknown )
O Head of eagle to left, truncation of neck erased appearing in form of triangles, no legend
R Thistle, no legend
Image not available
7 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Municipal series, Arbeca, Anonymous issue (Bronze Unknown )
O Head of eagle to left, truncation of neck erased appearing in form of triangles, no legend
R Large Gothic letter T with five pellets arranged in a cross above and to either side, fifteen in all, no legend
T
Image not available
8 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Municipal series, Tarragona, Anonymous (Bronze Unknown )
O Large Gothic letter T with five pellets arranged in a cross above and to either side, fifteen in all, no legend
T
R Arms of the City of Tarragona
+DE.TA.RA.GO.NA
Image not available
9 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Municipal series, Tarragona, Anonymous (Bronze Unknown )
O Large Gothic letter T with five pellets arranged in a cross above and to either side, fifteen in all, no legend
T
R Arms of the City of Tarragona
+DE.TA.RA.GO.NA
Image not available
10 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Municipal series, Tarragona, Anonymous (Bronze Unknown )
O Large letters I and I separated by a pellet, no legend
I·I
R Arms of the City of Tarragona, no legend
Image not available
11 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Municipal series, Tortosa, Anonymous (Silver Unknown )
O Crowned bust facing the left, no legend
R Legend divided as indicated by long equilateral cross with the quadrant occupied by three pellets and an annulet alternately
TOR TO SA NIE
Image not available
11A Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Municipal series, Tortosa, Anonymous (Billion Unknown )
O Crowned bust facing the left, no legend
R Legend divided as indicated by long equilateral cross with the quadrant occupied by three pellets and an annulet alternately
TOR TO SA NIE
Image not available
12 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Municipal series, Tortosa, Anonymous (Bronze Unknown )
O Tower, lighted and ornate letters TO to the left and R to the right
TO R
R Long cross with three pelletes in each angle, no legend
Image not available
190 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Carlovingian, Charles I (Silver Denier 0801AD-0814AD)
O Short equilateral cross
+CARLVS REX
R Degenerate Carlovingian monogram, legend in retrograde
BVRCINONA
Image not available
191 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Carlovingian, Louis the Pious (Silver Denier 0814AD-0840AD)
O Short equilateral cross
+HLVDOVVICVS IMP
R Legend arranged in three horizontal lines across reverse field
BAR CINO NA
Image not available
192 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Carlovingian, Louis the Pious (Silver Denier 0814AD-0840AD)
O Short equilateral cross
+HLVDOVVICVS IMP
R Legend arranged in two lines across reverse field
INPV RIAS
Image not available
193 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Carlovingian, Charles the Bald (Silver Denier 0840AD-0874AD)
O Short equilateral cross
+CARLVS REX FR
R Carlovingian monogram, usually degenerate
BARCINONA
Image not available
194 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Carlovingian, Charles the Bald (Silver Denier 0840AD-0874AD)
O Short equilateral cross
+CARLVS REX FR
R Degenerate Carlovingian monogram
INPVRIAS
Image not available
195 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Carlovingian, Charles the Bald (Silver Denier 0840AD-0874AD)
O Short equilateral cross
+CARLVS REX FR
R Carlovingian monogram, usually degenerate
+GERVNDA
Image not available
196 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Barcelona, Ramon Borrel (Silver Dinero 0992AD-1018AD)
O Short equilateral cross, S in legend lying horizontally
+RAIMS
R Three annulets arranged in a triangular fashion
+BARCAN
Image not available
197 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Barcelona, Berenguer Ramon I (Gold Dinar? 1018AD-1035AD)
O Crude Latin legend surrounding an Arabic inscription in the field
RAIMAN BAS COMES / [Arabic legend]
R Arabic inscription surrounding an Arabic inscription in the field
[Arabic legend] / [Arabic legend]
Image not available
198 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Barcelona, Berenguer Ramon I, II (Billion Dinero 1035AD-1082AD)
O Crude bust facing left, hand in field before face
+BAR...ONA
R Legend arranged as indicated in the angles of a voided long cross
RAI MVN DVS BRG
Image not available
199 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Barcelona, Berenguer Ramon I, II (Gold Mancuso 1035AD-1082AD)
O Legend divided as indicated by a long equilateral cross
BE REN GAR IVS
R Legend divided as indicated by long equilateral cross
BA RK IN OX
Image not available
200 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Barcelona, Uncertain (Billion Dinero 1100AD-1200AD)
O Crude fleur-de-lis
BARCINO
R Equilateral cross potent, an annulet in each angle, beaded border
Image not available
201 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Barcelona, Uncertain (Billion Obol 1100AD-1200AD)
O Crude fleur-de-lis
BARCINO
R Equilateral cross potent, an annulet in each angle, beaded border
Image not available
202 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Barcelona, Uncertain (Billion Dinero 1100AD-1200AD)
O Crude fleur-de-lis
BARQVINO
R Equilateral cross pattee, an annulet in each angle
Image not available
203 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Ampurias, Pons Hugo I (Silver Dinero 1092AD-1153AD)
O Long equilateral cross dividing the legend as indicated
:V GO PO CI'
R Sword-like device, point upward, dividing the legend between the initial E and S of COMES
EMPVR:COMES
Image not available
204 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Ampurias, Hugo III or Hugo IV (Silver Dinero 1153AD-1188AD)
O Equilateral cross
V:GO POOCI
R Sword, point upright
COMES EMPVR
Image not available
205 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Ampurias, Hugo III or Hugo IV (Silver Dinero 1153AD-1188AD)
O Short equilateral cross
+VGO:COMES
R Sword, point upright
IMPVRIAR'
Image not available
206 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Ampurias, Hugo V (Silver Dinero 1188AD-1230AD)
O Short equilateral cross, fleur-de-lis in alternate angles
+HVGO:COMES
R Hand from left, holding upright sword dividing legend between the M and in the initial mark X
XIMP VRIARVM
Image not available
207 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Ampurias, Hugo VII (Silver Dinero 1230AD-1286AD)
O Short equilateral cross, fleur-de-lis in alternate angles
+HVGO COMES
R Hand from left, holding upright sword dividing legend between the M and in the initial mark X
+IMPVRIARVM
Image not available
207A Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Ampurias, Hugo VII (Silver Obol 1230AD-1286AD)
O Short equilateral cross, fleur-de-lis in alternate angles
+HVGO COMES
R Hand from left, holding upright sword dividing legend between the M and in the initial mark X
+IMPVRIARVM
Image not available
208 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Urgel, Pedro Ansurez (Silver Dinero 1102AD-)
O Equilateral cross
:PTERVS COMES
R Device resembling the letter T, to the left the Greek letter alpha and to the right omega
+VRGELLO DVS / A
Image not available
209 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Urgel, Armengol VIII (Silver Dinero 1183AD-1208AD)
O Equilateral cross, fleur-de-lis in alternate angles
+ERMENGO COMES
R Device resembling the letter P standing on a reversed letter A
ACRIMONT VRGI / A
Image not available
210 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Urgel, Aurembiax (Silver Denier 1228AD-1231AD)
O Equilateral cross, three pellets in alternate angles
+:AVREMBIAX
R Crozier rising from a broad-based letter V
COMTESA VRGE
Image not available
211 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Urgel, Pons of Cabrera (Silver Dinero 1231AD-1243AD)
O Crozier upright between two short crosses at base and two pellets at level of crook
+PONCI'.COMES
R Letters S arranged horizontally
+VRGELLESIS
Image not available
212 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Urgel, Armengol X (Silver Dinero 1267AD-1314AD)
O Crozier upright between two short crosses at base and two pellets at level of crook
+ERMENGAVDVS
R Equilateral cross with pellet in each angle
+COMES:VRGELLI
Image not available
212A Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Urgel, Armengol X (Silver Obol 1267AD-1314AD)
O Crozier upright between two short crosses at base and two pellets at level of crook
+ERMENGAVDVS
R Equilateral cross with pellet in each angle
+COMES:VRGELLI
Image not available
213 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Urgel, Teresa of Entensa (Brass Unknown 1314AD-1336AD)
O Shield bearing the arms of Urgel
TE.C.OM
R [Plain, no legend]
Image not available
214 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Urgel, Peter of Aragon (Silver Dinero 1347AD-1408AD)
O Crozier upright between two short crosses at base and two pellets at level of crook
+PETRVS:DEI:GRACI
R Equilateral cross, pellets in each angle
+A COMES:VRGELLI
Image not available
215 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Urgel, Peter of Aragon (Silver Dinero 1347AD-1408AD)
O Lozenge containing the arms of Urgel and Aragon
+PETRVS:DEI:GRACIA
R Cross, pellets in each angle
+COMES:VRGELLIETV
Image not available
216 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Roussillion, Gausfred III (Silver Denier 1115AD-1163AD)
O Equilateral cross, small annulet-like devices in alternate angles
+GAVFREDVS
R Small cross with long lower limb, letters C above, N to the left, O above T to the right of staff [Letters S horizontal in legend]
+ROSILONS / C N O T
Image not available
217 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Roussillion, Gausfred III (Silver Obol 1115AD-1163AD)
O Equilateral cross, small annulet-like devices in alternate angles
+GAVFREDVS
R Small cross with long lower limb, letters C above, N to the left, O above T to the right of staff [Letters S horizontal in legend]
+ROSILONS / C N O T
Image not available
218 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Roussillion, Gerard II (Silver Denier 1163AD-1172AD)
O Equilateral cross, annulet-like device in one quarter
:GIRARDVS COME
R The letters P, A, X, and S arranged in a cross-like manner, P left, S right, X above, and A below
+ROSILIONVS / P A X S
Image not available
219 Iberia, Catalonian Feudal, Counts of Roussillion, Gerard II (Silver Obol 1163AD-1172AD)
O Equilateral cross, annulet-like device in one quarter
:GIRARDVS COME
R The letters P, A, X, and S arranged in a cross-like manner, P left, S right, X above, and A below
+ROSILIONVS / P A X S
Image not available

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