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Survey of Medieval Iberian Coinages

Part VI, Portugal
J F Lhotka and P K Anderson
Reprinted here by the Gracious Permission of the ANA


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1 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) I Henriques (Silver Dinheiro 1112AD-1185AD)
O Pentagram, five-rayed star-like device, a pellet in the center
ALFONSVS
R Latin cross with the letter T to the left and V to the right
REX POR / T V
Image not available
2 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) I Henriques (Silver Dinheiro 1112AD-1185AD)
O Bust facing left, below the letters CO
ALFONSVS / CO
R An equilateral short cross, one pellet and one star in opposite angles
REX PORTVGA
Image not available
3 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) I Henriques (Billion Mealha 1112AD-1185AD)
O Equilateral short cross with a pellet in each angle
+REX AFOSV
R Tear drop shield with a small cross in the center, to either side a triangle and a pellet, the pellet below the triangle
PORTVCAL
Image not available
4 Iberia, Portugal, Sancho I (Gold Morabitino (Murabatin) 1185AD-1211AD)
O Horseman riding to right
+SANCIVS REX PORTVGALLIS
R Cross of five tear drop shields, four billets on each shield in lozenge formation, a six-pointed star in each angle of cross shield
+ IN NE PTRIS IFILII SPS SCI A
Image not available
5 Iberia, Portugal, Sancho I (Silver Dinheiro 1185AD-1211AD)
O Shield with various numbers of billets arranged in form of letters T, V, and I
REX SANCIVS / T V I
R Legend divided as indicated by a florate cross, stars and pellets (one each) in alternating angles
PO RT VC AI
Image not available
6 Iberia, Portugal, Sancho I (Silver/Billion Dinheiro or Mealha 1185AD-1211AD)
O Short equilateral cross
SANCIO REX
R Tear drop shield with five billets, usually arranged in the form of a letter X, a sword, point downward, to either side of the shield base
PORTVCAIE
Image not available
7 Iberia, Portugal, Sancho I (Silver/Billion Dinheiro or Mealha 1185AD-1211AD)
O Short equilateral cross, a pellet in one angle
+REX SANCIO
R Four tear drops, sometimes considered triangular, shields arranged in a cross with a pellet in the first and second quadrants and a star in the third and fourth quadrants
PORTVGAL
Image not available
8 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) II (Gold Morabitino (Murabatin) 1211AD-1223AD)
O Cross of five tear drop shields, four billets on each shield in lozenge formation, a six-pointed star in three angles of cross shield, and a cross in the fourth
MONETA DOMINI ALFONSI
R Horseman riding to the right
+REGIS PORTVGALENSIVN
Image not available
9 Iberia, Portugal, Sancho II (Gold Morabitino (Murabatin) 1223AD-1248AD)
O Cross of five tear drop shields, four billets on each shield in lozenge formation, a six-pointed star in three angles of cross shield, and a cross in the fourth
MONETA DOMINI SANCHII
R Horseman riding to the right
REGIS PORTVGALENSVM
Image not available
10 Iberia, Portugal, Sancho II (Silver Dinheiro 1223AD-1248AD)
O Cross of shields, each shield with a rounded base, definite border, and a billet in the center, a pellet in each angle of the shield cross
REX SANCIVS
R Legend divided as indicated by a long floriate cross, a pellet in each angle
PO RT VC AI
Image not available
11 Iberia, Portugal, Sancho II (Silver Dinheiro 1223AD-1248AD)
O Cross of shields, each shield with a rounded base, definite border
REX SANCIVS
R Legend divided as indicated by a long floriate cross, a pellet in each angle with a lozenge-like appearance
PO RT VC AI
Image not available
12 Iberia, Portugal, Sancho II (Silver Dinheiro 1223AD-1248AD)
O Cross of shields, each shield with a rounded base, definite border
REX SANCIV
R Legend divided as indicated by a long floriate cross, a pellet in each angle with a lozenge-like appearance
PO RT VC AI
Image not available
13 Iberia, Portugal, Sancho II (Silver Dinheiro 1223AD-1248AD)
O Cross of four shields, rounded bases, definite borders
REX SANCII
R Legend divided as indicated by a long cross
PO RT VC AI
Image not available
14 Iberia, Portugal, Sancho II (Silver Dinheiro 1223AD-1248AD)
O Cross of four shields, rounded bases, definite borders
REX SANCII
R Legend divided as indicated by a long cross, a small crescent in each angle of the cross
PO RT VG AI
Image not available
15 Iberia, Portugal, Sancho II (Silver Dinheiro 1223AD-1248AD)
O Cross of five small triangular shields, no billets on shields, a pellet in each angle of the shield cross
REX SANCIVS
R Legend divided as indicated by a short equilateral cross imposed on a Saint Andrews cross of batons
PO RT VC AI
Image not available
16 Iberia, Portugal, Sancho II (Billion Mealha 1223AD-1248AD)
O Cross of five small triangular shields, no billets on shields, a pellet in each angle of the shield cross
REX SANCIS
R Legend divided as indicated by a short equilateral cross imposed on a Saint Andrews cross of batons
PO RT VC AI
Image not available
17 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) III (Silver Dinheiro 1248AD-1279AD)
O Short equilateral cross with a star and a crescent alternating in the angles
ALFONSV REX
R Legend divided as indicated by cross of shields, the number of billets on the the shields varying
PO RT VC AI
Image not available
18 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) III (Silver Dinheiro 1248AD-1279AD)
O Short equilateral cross with a star and a crescent alternating in the angles
ALFONNS RX
R Legend divided as indicated by cross of shields, the number of billets on the the shields varying
PO RT VC IA
Image not available
19 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) III (Silver Dinheiro 1248AD-1279AD)
O Short equilateral cross with a star and a crescent alternating in the angles
ALFONSVS REX
R Legend divided as indicated by cross of shields, the number of billets on the the shields varying
PO RT VG AI
Image not available
20 Iberia, Portugal, Denis (Dinis) (Silver Dinheiro 1279AD-1325AD)
O Short equilateral cross with a star and a crescent alternating in the angles
D REX PORTVG
R Legend divided as indicated by a five shield cross with five billets on each shield
AI GA RB II
Image not available
21 Iberia, Portugal, Denis (Dinis) (Silver Dinheiro 1279AD-1325AD)
O Short equilateral cross with a star and a crescent alternating in the angles
D REX PORTVGI
R Legend divided as indicated by a five shield cross with five billets on each shield
AL GA II II
Image not available
22 Iberia, Portugal, Denis (Dinis) (Silver Dinheiro 1279AD-1325AD)
O Short equilateral cross with a star and a crescent alternating in the angles
D REX PORTVGL
R Legend divided as indicated by a five shield cross with five billets on each shield
AL GA RB II
Image not available
22 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) IV (Silver Dinheiro 1325AD-1357AD)
O Short equilateral cross with a star and a crescent alternating in the angles
ALF.REX:PORTVGL'
R Cross of shields, five billets in X arrangement, dividing the legend as indicated
AL GA RB II
Image not available
23 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) IV (Silver Dinheiro 1325AD-1357AD)
O Short equilateral cross with a star and a crescent alternating in the angles
AIF REX PORTVG
R Cross of shields, five billets in X arrangement, dividing the legend as indicated
AL GA RB II
Image not available
23a Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) IV (Silver Dinheiro 1325AD-1357AD)
O Short equilateral cross with a pellet and a crescent alternating in the angles
AIF REX PORTVG
R Cross of shields, five billets in X arrangement, dividing the legend as indicated
AL GA RB II
Image not available
24 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) IV (Silver Dinheiro 1325AD-1357AD)
O Short equilateral cross with a star and a crescent alternating in the angles
ALF.REX:PORTVGI'
R Cross of shields, five billets in X arrangement, dividing the legend as indicated
AL GA RB II
Image not available
24a Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) IV (Silver Dinheiro 1325AD-1357AD)
O Short equilateral cross with a pellet and a crescent alternating in the angles
ALF.REX:PORTVGI'
R Cross of shields, five billets in X arrangement, dividing the legend as indicated
AL GA RB II
Image not available
25 Iberia, Portugal, Peter (Pedro) I (Silver Dinheiro 1357AD-1367AD)
O Short equilateral cross with a pellet and a crescent alternating in the angles
:P. REX PORTVGL
R Legend divided as indicated by a cross of five shields, with five billets on each shield
AL GA RB II
Image not available
25a Iberia, Portugal, Peter (Pedro) I (Gold Dobra 1357AD-1367AD)
O Peter seated on a throne facing, holding a sword and a shield bearing the arms of Portugal
PETRVS DEI GRA REX PORT ET ALG
R Ornate cross, stars at the ends of the arms, in a quatrefoil
PER CRVCEM TVAM SALVA NOS XPE REDEMT
Image not available
25b Iberia, Portugal, Peter (Pedro) I (Gold Half Dobra 1357AD-1367AD)
O Peter seated on a throne facing, holding a sword and a shield bearing the arms of Portugal
PETRVS DEI GRA REX PORT ET ALG
R Ornate cross, stars at the ends of the arms, in a quatrefoil
PER CRVCEM TVAM SALVA NOS XPE REDEMT
Image not available
26 Iberia, Portugal, Ferdinand (Fernando) I (Gold Dobra Gentil 1367AD-1383AD)
O Figure of Ferdinand seated facing on a Gothic throne holding a sword in his right hand, his left hand resting on a shield bearing the Portuguese arms
+FERNANDVS D G REX PORTVG
R Cross of five shields surrounded by eight small castles, an annulet in one angle of the shield cross
+FERNANDVS D G REX PORTVGALI ALGA
Image not available
26a Iberia, Portugal, Ferdinand (Fernando) I (Gold Dobra-pe-Terra 1367AD-1383AD)
O Figure of Ferdinand standing facing holding a sword in his right hand, his left hand resting on a shield bearing the Portuguese arms
+FERNANDVS D G REX PORTVG?
R Ornate cross with stars at the ends of the arms, in a quatrefoil
+FERNANDVS D G REX PORTVGALI ALGA?
Image not available
26b Iberia, Portugal, Ferdinand (Fernando) I (Gold Half Dobra-pe-Terra 1367AD-1383AD)
O Figure of Ferdinand standing facing holding a sword in his right hand, his left hand resting on a shield bearing the Portuguese arms
+FERNANDVS D G REX PORTVG?
R Ornate cross with stars at the ends of the arms, in a quatrefoil
+FERNANDVS D G REX PORTVGALI ALGA?
Image not available
27 Iberia, Portugal, Ferdinand (Fernando) I (Silver Half Real de Plata 1367AD-1383AD)
O Five shields arranged in the shape of a cross with billets on each shield, in a quatrefoil border
+F:D:G:REX:PORTVGALIE
R Crowned letters FR below a smaller letter L
AVXILM:MEVM: A DOMIN / FR / L
Image not available
27a Iberia, Portugal, Ferdinand (Fernando) I (Silver Half Real de Plata 1367AD-1383AD)
O Five shields arranged in the shape of a cross with billets on each shield, in a quatrefoil border
+F:D:G:REX:PORTVGALIE
R Crowned letters FR below a smaller letter L
AVXILM:MEVM: A DOMIN / F / L
Image not available
27b Iberia, Portugal, Ferdinand (Fernando) I (Silver Real de Plata 1367AD-1383AD)
O Five shields arranged in the shape of a cross with billets on each shield
+F:D:G:REX:PORTVGALIE
R Crowned letter F. Legend in two circles
AVXILIVM MEVM A D'NO QVI'F (outter) ECIT.EELVM.E.TERAN (outer) / F
Image not available
28 Iberia, Portugal, Ferdinand (Fernando) I (Billion Barbuda 1367AD-1383AD)
O One shield bearing five billets superimposed on a cross with three-towered castles in each angle of the cross
+FERNANDVS:REX:PORTVGALLI:AL
R Crowned helmeted bust of Ferdinand facing the left, vizor closed, arms of Portugal on the breast plate. Mint mark L behind the head
+SI:DNS.MICHI.AIVTOR.NON.TIM / L
Image not available
28a Iberia, Portugal, Ferdinand (Fernando) I (Billion Barbuda 1367AD-1383AD)
O One shield bearing five billets superimposed on a cross with three-towered castles in each angle of the cross
+FERNANDVS:REX:PORTVGALLI:AL
R Crowned helmeted bust of Ferdinand facing the left, vizor closed, arms of Portugal on the breast plate. Mint mark P over R to the left and O over T to the right
+SI:DNS.MICHI.AIVTOR.NON.TIM / P / R O / T
Image not available
29 Iberia, Portugal, Ferdinand (Fernando) I (Billion Barbuda 1367AD-1383AD)
O One shield bearing five billets superimposed on a cross with three-towered castles in each angle of the cross
+FERNANDVS: REX:PORTVGALI:ALGA
R Crowned helmeted bust of Ferdinand facing the left, vizor closed, arms of Portugal on the breast plate. Mint mark P behind bust
+SI:DOMNIVS:MICHI:AIMOR:DONAI / P
Image not available
30 Iberia, Portugal, Ferdinand (Fernando) I (Billion Barbuda 1367AD-1383AD)
O One shield bearing five billets superimposed on a cross with three-towered castles in each angle of the cross
+FERNANDVS:REX:PORTVGALIE:ZAMORE
R Crowned helmeted bust of Ferdinand facing the left, vizor closed, arms of Portugal on the breast plate. Letters C and A to either side of the armored bust
+SI:DOMINVS:MICHI:AIVTOR:ET:EGO:DIS / C A
Image not available
31 Iberia, Portugal, Ferdinand (Fernando) I (Billion Half Barbuda 1367AD-1383AD)
O One shield bearing five billets superimposed on a cross with three-towered castles in each angle of the cross
+FERNANDVS:REX:PORTVG
R Crowned helmeted bust of Ferdinand facing the left, vizor closed, arms of Portugal on the breast plate. Mint mark P behind the bust
+SI DOMINVS:MICHI:AIVTOR / P
Image not available
32 Iberia, Portugal, Ferdinand (Fernando) I (Billion Quarter Barbuda 1367AD-1383AD)
O Legend divided as indicated by a long equilateral cross with the letters O, T, R and P in the angles of the cross
FER NAN DVS REX / O T R P
R Crowned helmeted bust of Ferdinand facing the left, vizor closed, arms of Portugal on the breast plate. Mint mark P behind the bust
+SI DOMINVS:MICHI:AJV / P
Image not available
33 Iberia, Portugal, Ferdinand (Fernando) I (Billion Tornez 1367AD-1383AD)
O Shield with a cross of five shields, billets on the shields, a star above, the letter C to the left and A to the right
+FERDINANDVS:REX:PORTVGALIE:CAMO / C A
R Short equilateral cross. Legend in two circles
+DOMINVS:MICHI:AIVTOR:ET:EGO:DIS (outer) PICIAM:INIMICOS:MEOS (inner)
Image not available
33a Iberia, Portugal, Ferdinand (Fernando) I (Billion Half Tornez 1367AD-1383AD)
O Shield with a cross of five shields, billets on the shields, a star above, the letter C to the left and A to the right
+FERNANDVS:REX:PORTGV / C A ?
R Short equilateral cross.
+FERNANDVS:D:G:REX:POR ?
Image not available
34 Iberia, Portugal, Ferdinand (Fernando) I (Billion Tornez 1367AD-1383AD)
O Shield with a cross of five shields, billets on the shields, a star above, the letter C to the left and A to the right
+FERNANDVS:REX:PORTVGALI:3AM
R Short equilateral cross. Legend in two circles
+DOMINVS:MICHI:AIVTOR:ET:EGO (outer) DIS:PICIAN:INIMICOS (inner)
Image not available
34a Iberia, Portugal, Ferdinand (Fernando) I (Billion Half Tornez 1367AD-1383AD)
O Shield with a cross of five shields, billets on the shields, a star above, the letter C to the left and A to the right
+FERNANDVS:REX:PORTGV ?
R Short equilateral cross.
+FERNANDVS:D:G:REX:POR ?
Image not available
35 Iberia, Portugal, Ferdinand (Fernando) I (Silver Tornez 1367AD-1383AD)
O Shield with a cross of five shields, billets on the shields, between two rosettes, above the letter M
+FERNANDVS:REX:PORTVGALI:ALGARB / M
R Short equilateral cross with annulet in the third quarter. Legend in two circles
+DOMINVS:MICHI:AIVTOR:ET:EGO:DIS (outer) PICIAM:INIMICOS:MEOS (inner)
Image not available
35a Iberia, Portugal, Ferdinand (Fernando) I (Silver Half Tornez 1367AD-1383AD)
O Shield with a cross of five shields, billets on the shields, between two rosettes, above the letter M
+FERNANDVS:REX:PORTGV / M ?
R Short equilateral cross with annulet in the third quarter.
+FERNANDVS:D:G:REX:POR ?
Image not available
36 Iberia, Portugal, Ferdinand (Fernando) I (Silver Tornez 1367AD-1383AD)
O Cross of five shields, billets on the shields
+FERNANDVS:REX:PORTVGALI:A
R Crowned bust of the king left between a cross and the letter L
+SI:DN'S:MICHI:ADIVTOR:NON:TI / L
Image not available
37 Iberia, Portugal, Ferdinand (Fernando) I (Silver Half Tornez 1367AD-1383AD)
O Crowned bust facing left, in front the letter L, behind, the letter B
+FERNANDVS:REX:PORTGV / L B
R Cross of five shields, billets on the shields
+FERNANDVS:D:G:REX:POR
Image not available
38 Iberia, Portugal, Ferdinand (Fernando) I (Billion Grave 1367AD-1383AD)
O Shield with five pellets, with a castle to either side and above and below, an annulet to one side and the letter V to the other
+FERNANDVS:REX:PORTV / V
R Crowned shield bearing the letter F, the entire type crossed by a lance which divides the legend, to either side of the shield a cross
+SI:DNS:MICHI:AIVTO R:N / F
Image not available
38a Iberia, Portugal, Ferdinand (Fernando) I (Billion Grave 1367AD-1383AD)
O Shield with five pellets, with a castle to either side and above and below, an annulet to one side and the letter V to the other, all in a quatrefoil
+FERNANDVS:REX:PORTV / V
R Crowned shield bearing the letter F, the entire type crossed by a lance which divides the legend, to either side of the shield a cross
+SI:DNS:MICHI:AIVTO R:N / F
Image not available
38b Iberia, Portugal, Ferdinand (Fernando) I (Billion Grave 1367AD-1383AD)
O Shield with five pellets, with a castle to either side and above and below, an annulet to one side and the letter P? to the other
+FERNANDVS:REX:PORTVGA / P?
R Crowned shield bearing the letter F, the entire type crossed by a lance which divides the legend, to either side of the shield a cross
+SI:DNS:MICHI:AIVTO R:N / F
Image not available
38c Iberia, Portugal, Ferdinand (Fernando) I (Billion Grave 1367AD-1383AD)
O Shield with five pellets, with a castle to either side and above and below, an annulet to one side and the letter P? to the other, all in a quatrefoil
+FERNANDVS:REX:PORTVGA / P?
R Crowned shield bearing the letter F, the entire type crossed by a lance which divides the legend, to either side of the shield a cross
+SI:DNS:MICHI:AIVTO R:N / F
Image not available
39 Iberia, Portugal, Ferdinand (Fernando) I (Billion Pilarte 1367AD-1383AD)
O Crown with a small cross below it, in the field, the letter L
+FERNANDVS:REX:PORTV / L
R Cross of shields, annulet above
SI:D NS M ICHIS:AI
Image not available
39a Iberia, Portugal, Ferdinand (Fernando) I (Billion Pilarte 1367AD-1383AD)
O Crown with a letter P below it, in the field, the letter L
+FERNANDVS:REX:PORTV / P L
R Cross of shields, annulet above
SI:D NS M ICHIS:AI
Image not available
40 Iberia, Portugal, Ferdinand (Fernando) I (Billion Dinheiro 1367AD-1383AD)
O Short equilateral cross with alternating pellets and crescents in the angles
+F:REX:PORTVGALI
R Cross of shields with billets dividing the legend as indicated
AL GA RB II
Image not available
41 Iberia, Portugal, Interregnum, John (Joao) of Aviz as Regent (Silver Real de Plata 1383AD-1385AD)
O Cross of shields in quatrefoil border
+IHAS D G R D REGNORVM PO ALGA*
R Crowned letters IHAS. Legend in two circles
+ADIVTORIVM*NOSTRVN*QVI*F (outer) ECIT*CELVM*ET*TERR (inner) / IHAS
Image not available
42 Iberia, Portugal, Interregnum, John (Joao) of Aviz as Regent (Silver Real de Plata 1383AD-1385AD)
O Cross of shields in quatrefoil border
+IHAS D G R D REGNORVM PORTVGALI
R Crowned letters IHAS. Legend in two circles
+ADIVTORIVM*NOSTRVN*QVI*F (outer) ECIT*CELVM*ET*TERA (inner) / IHAS
Image not available
43 Iberia, Portugal, Interregnum, John (Joao) of Aviz as Regent (Silver Real de Plata 1383AD-1385AD)
O Cross of shields in quatrefoil border
+IHAS D G R D REGNORVM PO ALGA
R Crowned letters IHAS. Legend in two circles
+ADIVTORIVM*NOSTRVN*QVI*FEC (outer) IT*CELVN*ET*TERAN (inner) / IHAS
Image not available
44 Iberia, Portugal, Interregnum, John (Joao) of Aviz as Regent (Silver Real de Plata 1383AD-1385AD)
O Cross of shields in quatrefoil border
+IHAS D.G.R.D.REGNORVM PO ALGAR
R Crowned letters IHAS, crowned cross of Aviz present as minor type. Legend in two circles
+DIVTORVN*NOSTRVN*QVI*FEC (outer) IT*CELVN*ET*TERAM (inner) / IHAS
Image not available
45 Iberia, Portugal, Interregnum, John (Joao) of Aviz as Regent (Silver Half Real de Plata 1383AD-1385AD)
O Cross of shields in quatrefoil border
+IHNS DG RD R PO ALGAR+
R Crowned letters IHAS
+ADIVTORIVMM NRV QVI FECI / IHAS
Image not available
46 Iberia, Portugal, Interregnum, John (Joao) of Aviz as Regent (Silver Real de Plata or Tornez 1383AD-1385AD)
O Cross of shields, each with five billets, in a quatrefoil border
+DIONISII REGIS PORTVGALIE ET ALGARBI
R Short equilateral cross. Legend in two circles
+ADIVTORIVM NOSTRVM IN NOMINE DOMINI (outer) QVI FECIT:CELVM:ET TERRAM (inner)
Image not available
46a Iberia, Portugal, Interregnum, John (Joao) of Aviz as Regent (Silver Real de Plata or Tornez 1383AD-1385AD)
O Cross of shields, each with five billets, in a quatrefoil border
+DIONISII REGIS PORTVGALIE ET ALGARB
R Short equilateral cross. Legend in two circles
+ADIVTORIVM NOSTRVM IN NOMINE DOMINI (outer) QVI FECIT:CELVM:ET TERRAM (inner)
Image not available
47 Iberia, Portugal, Interregnum, Beatriz, daughter of Ferdinand I and wife of John of Castile (Silver Real de Plata 1383AD-1385AD)
O Arms of Castile and Leon quartered with those of Portugal in a semee of crowns
+BEATRICIS:DEI:G:REGINA:CASTELE:EPOR
R Crowned bust of Beatriz facing left. Legend in two circles
DOMINVS:MICHI:ADIVTOR:ED:EGO:DISPI (outer) CIAM:INIMICVS:DOMINVS:MI (inner)
Image not available
48 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) I (Billion or Silver Real de Plata 1385AD-1433AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, in a quatrefoil border
+IHNS DEI GRA REX PO ET
R Crowned letter Y, to the left a small letter L. Legend in two circles
+ADIVTORIVM NOSTRVM QVI (outer) FECIT CEELLVM ET / Y L
Image not available
49 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) I (Billion or Silver Real de Plata 1385AD-1433AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, in a quatrefoil border
+IHNS DEI GRA REX PO ET
R Crowned letter Y, to the left a small letter P. Legend in two circles
+ADIVTORIVM:NOSTRVN:QVI (outer) FECIT:CELVN:ET:T / Y P
Image not available
50 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) I (Silver Real de Plata 1385AD-1433AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, in a quatrefoil border, rosettes in opposite angles alternating with the letters O P
+IHAS D G REX PORTGALIE / O P
R Crowned letters IHNS, below the small letter P between two rosettes. Legend in two circles
+ADIVTORIVM*NOSTRVM*QVI*FE (outer) CIT*CELVM*E*TERRAM (inner) / IHNS P
Image not available
51 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) I (Billion or Silver Real de Tres y Medio Libras 1385AD-1433AD)
O Crowned letters IHNS in octofoil border, small letter L below
+IHNS:DEI:GRA:REX:PO:A / L
R Cross of five shields, each with five billets on it, with a castle in each angle
+ADIVTORIVM:NOSTRVM:
Image not available
52 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) I (Billion Real de Tres y Medio Libras 1385AD-1433AD)
O Crowned letters IHNS in octofoil border, small letter P below
+IHNS:DEI:GRA:REX:POR:ET / P
R Cross of five shields, each with five billets on it, with a castle in each angle
+ADIVTORIVM NOSTRVN QV
Image not available
53 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) I (Billion Real de Ten Soldos 1385AD-1433AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets, in quatrefoil border, letters L and B between two rosettes to either side
IHNS DEI GRA REX POR ET ALGARBII / L B
R Crowned letters IHNS between annulets, small letter L below. Legend in two circles
+ADIVTORIVM*NOSTRVM*QVI*FE (outer) CIT*CELVN*ET*TERAN* (inner)
Image not available
54 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) I (Billion Half Real de Plata 1385AD-1433AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets, in quatrefoil border
+IHNS DEI G REX PO AL
R Crowned letters IHNS over a small letter L between annulets
+ADIVTORIVM*NOSTRV*Q* / IHNS / L
Image not available
55 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) I (Billion Half Real de Plata 1385AD-1433AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets, in quatrefoil border
+IHNS DEI GRA REX POR
R Crowned letters IHES over a small letter L between annulets
+ADIVTORIVM NOSTRVM / IHES / L
Image not available
56 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) I (Billion or Silver Half Real Cruzado 1385AD-1433AD)
O Crowned letters IHNS over small letter L
+PORTVGALIE.ET.ALGARRE / IHNS / L
R Cross of five shields, each with five billets, on a shield superimposed on a floriated cross, the Cross of Aviz
+REPARACIO:REX:PVBLICE
Image not available
57 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) I (Billion Real de Ten Soldos 1385AD-1433AD)
O Shield with five irregular shields in the form of a cross, billets on shields, superimposed on a floriate cross, the Cross of Aviz, shield may be oval in shape
+IHNS*DEI*GRA*REX
R Cross potent with an annulet in each angle
+PO*ET*ALGARB II
Image not available
57a Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) I (Billion Real de Ten Soldos 1385AD-1433AD)
O Shield with five irregular shields in the form of a cross, no billets on shields, superimposed on a floriate cross, the Cross of Aviz, shield may be oval
+IHNS*DEI*GRA*REX
R Cross potent with an annulet in each angle
+PO*ET*ALGARB II
Image not available
58 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) I (Billion Real de Ten Soldos 1385AD-1433AD)
O Oval shield with five irregular shields in the form of a cross, billets on shields, the Cross of Aviz, the letters E and V to either side of the shield
+IHNS D G REX POR ALGA / E V
R Cross potent with an annulet in each angle
+ADIVTORIVM NOSTRVN
Image not available
59 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) I (Billion Real de Ten Soldos 1385AD-1433AD)
O Legend divided as indicated by a cross of five shields with five billets in the form of an X
IHN SD GR EX
R Legend divided as indicated by a long equilateral cross with three pellets in first and third quarters and an annulet in the second and fourth quarters
POR TVG ALI EAL
Image not available
60 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) I (Billion Half Real de Plata 1385AD-1433AD)
O Crowned letter Y between the small letters L and B
+IHNS*DEI*GRA*REX / Y L B
R Cross of five shields with five billets in the form of an X on each, all in a quatrefoil border
+ADIVTORIVM NOST
Image not available
61 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) I (Billion Quarter Real de Plata 1385AD-1433AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the form of an X, in a quatrefoil border
+IHNS DEI G REX PO AL
R Crowned letters IHNS over a small letter L between annulets
+ADIVTORIVM*NOSTRV*Q* / IHNS L
Image not available
62 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) I (Copper Ceitil 1385AD-1433AD)
O Crowned letters IHNS in octofoil border, small letter L below
+IHNS:DEI:GRA:REX:PO:A / IHNS L
R Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, with a castle in each angle
+ADIVTORIVM:NOSTRVM:
Image not available
63 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) I (Copper Ceitil 1385AD-1433AD)
O Crowned letters IHNS over a small letter L
IHNS / L
R Arabic inscription
[Arabic legend]
Image not available
64 Iberia, Portugal, Edward (Duarte) (Gold Escudo 1433AD-1438AD)
O Crowned letter E in octofoil border, small letter L to right
+DOMINI*EDVARDVS*RX*PORTVGALIE / E L
R Crowned shield with a cross of five shields each bearing five billets in the shape of an X, in an octofoil border
+IESVS CRISTE SALVA NOS CRVS
Image not available
65A Iberia, Portugal, Edward (Duarte) (Silver Real de Plata 1433AD-1438AD)
O Crowned letter E in octofoil border, small letter L to right
*DOMINE*EDVARDVS*REX*PO / E L
R Crowned shield with a cross of five shields each bearing five billets in the shape of an X, in a simple circular border
*CRISTES*SALVA NOS*CRVS
Image not available
65B Iberia, Portugal, Edward (Duarte) (Silver Real de Plata 1433AD-1438AD)
O Crowned shield bearing a cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X
+DOMINE:EDVARDV:REX:PORTVG
R Crowned letter E, small letter P in right field, all in octofoil border
+CRVX:IHESV:CRISTI:SALVA NOS / E P
Image not available
66A Iberia, Portugal, Edward (Duarte) (Billion Real Branco 1433AD-1438AD)
O Cross of five shields, each bearing five billets in the shape of an X, in a quatrefoil border
+EDVARDVS:REX:PORTV
R Crowned letter E, small letter L in field. Legend in two circles
+ADIVITORIVM:NOSTRVM:QI (outer) :FECIT:CELVM:ETE (inner) / E L
Image not available
66B Iberia, Portugal, Edward (Duarte) (Billion Real Branco 1433AD-1438AD)
O Cross of five shields, each bearing five billets in the shape of an X, in a quatrefoil border
+DVARDS:......PORT...
R Crowned letter E, small letter P in field. Legend in two circles
+ADIVITORIVM NOSTRVM:QI (outer) :FECIT:CEVM:E:TERA (inner) / E P
Image not available
66C Iberia, Portugal, Edward (Duarte) (Copper Ceitil 1433AD-1438AD)
O Cross of five shields, each bearing five billets in the shape of an X, a small castle in each angle of the cross
+EDVARDVS*RX*PORT
R Crowned letters ED in octofoil border
+EDVARDVS*RX*PORTV / ED
Image not available
66D Iberia, Portugal, Edward (Duarte) (Copper Ceitil 1433AD-1438AD)
O Cross of five shields, each bearing five billets in the shape of an X, a small castle in each angle of the cross
+EDVARDS......:DEI
R Crowned letter E in hexafoil border, small letter P in field
+EDVARDES:DEI / E P
Image not available
66E Iberia, Portugal, Edward (Duarte) (Copper Real Preto 1433AD-1438AD)
O Cross of five shields, each bearing five billets in the shape of an X, a small castle in each angle of the cross
+EDVARDVS*REX*PO
R Crowned letter E in hexafoil border, small letter L in field
EDVARDVS*REX*PO / E L
Image not available
66a Iberia, Portugal, Edward (Duarte) (Copper Real Preto 1433AD-1438AD)
O Cross of five shields, each bearing five billets in the shape of an X, a small castle in each angle of the cross
+EDVARDVS*REX*PO
R Crowned letter E in hexafoil border
EDVARDVS*REX*PO / E
Image not available
67 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V (Gold Escudo 1438AD-1481AD)
O Crowned letters ALF9 in tressure of eight arches, a small letter L below
+DOMIN9.ALF9.RX.PORTVGALIE.E ALGARB / ALF / L
R Cross of five shields, each with five billets in X form, on a shield, superimposed on a floriate cross, in a border of seven castles, all on larger crowned shield
+ADIVTOR:ET:PROTECTOR:ME9:DE9M
Image not available
67a Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V (Gold Escudo 1438AD-1481AD)
O Crowned letters ALF9 in tressure of eight arches, a small letter L below
+DOMIN9.ALF9.RX.PORTVGALIE.E ALGARB / ALF / L
R Cross of five shields, each with five billets in X form, on a shield, in a border of seven castles, all on larger crowned shield
+ADIVTOR:ET:PROTECTOR:ME9:DE9M
Image not available
68 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V (Gold Cruzado 1438AD-1481AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in X form, on shield, on floriated cross, seven castles around, in a tressure of five arches, on crowned shield
+CRVZATVS:ALFONSI:QVINTI:REGIS:P
R Cross of Saint George in quatrefoil border
+ADIVTORIVM:NOSTRVM:IN:NOMIE
Image not available
69 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V (Gold Cruzado 1438AD-1481AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in X form, on shield, on floriated cross, seven castles around, in a tressure of five arches, on crowned shield
+CRVZATVS:ALFONSVS:QVINT
R Cross of Saint George in quatrefoil border
+CRVZATVS:ALFONSI.QVINTI:R
Image not available
70 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V (Gold Cruzado 1438AD-1481AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in X form, on shield, on floriated cross, seven castles around, in a hexafoil border, on crowned shield
+ALFONSVS:DEI:GRACIA:REX:P
R Cross of Saint George in quatrefoil border
+ALFONSVS:DEI:GRACIA:REX
Image not available
71 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V (Silver Real Grosso or Alfonsino 1438AD-1481AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in X form, on shield, on floriated cross, seven castles around, on crowned shield
+DOMINVS.ALF.REGIS.PORTVGAL
R Crowned letters ALFO, below a small letter L
+ADIVTOR.ET.PROTECTOR.MEVS.DEVS / ALFO / L
Image not available
72 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V (Silver Real Grosso 1438AD-1481AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in X form, on shield, in a quatrefoil, annulets in the angles of the shield cross
+ALFONSVS:QVINTI:REGIS:PORTVGA
R Crowned letters :ALFO, below a small letter L
+ADIVTORIVM:NOSTRVM:IN:NOMINE:PO / :ALFO / L
Image not available
72a Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V (Silver Real Grosso 1438AD-1481AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in X form, on shield, in a quatrefoil, annulets in the angles of the shield cross
+ALFONSVS:QVINTI:REGIS:PORTVGA
R Crowned letters :ALFO, below a small letter P
+ADIVTORIVM:NOSTRVM:IN:NOMINE:PO / :ALFO / P
Image not available
73 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V (Billion Half Real Grosso or Chimfram 1438AD-1481AD)
O Crowned letter A between two annulets, below the A, a small letter L
+ALFONSVS:QVINTI:REGIS / A / L
R Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, in a quatrefoil border
+ADIVTORIVM:NOSTRVM:IN
Image not available
73a Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V (Billion Half Real Grosso or Chimfram 1438AD-1481AD)
O Crowned letter A between two annulets, below the A, a small letter P
+ALFONSVS:QVINTI:REGIS / A / P
R Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, in a quatrefoil border
+ADIVTORIVM:NOSTRVM:IN
Image not available
74 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V (Silver Half Real Grosso or Chimfram 1438AD-1481AD)
O Crowned letter A between two pellets, small letter P below
+ALF9:QVINT9:REIS:PORT / A / P
R Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, in a quatrefoil border
+AIVTORVM:DNS:QVI:FEC
Image not available
75 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V (Silver Espadim 1438AD-1481AD)
O Hand holding a sword on the blade below guard, point downward, in a quatrefoil border with hilt of sword and blade through border dividing legend, A to left
+ALFONSVS:DEI:GRACIA:REX / A
R Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, in a quatrefoil border
+ADIVTORIVM:NOSTRVM:IN:NOM
Image not available
75a Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V (Silver Espadim 1438AD-1481AD)
O Hand holding a sword on the blade below guard, point downward, in a quatrefoil border with hilt of sword and blade through border dividing legend, A to left, P
+ALFONSVS:DEI:GRACIA:REX / A P
R Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, in a quatrefoil border
+ADIVTORIVM:NOSTRVM:IN:NOM
Image not available
76 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V (Billion Espadim 1438AD-1481AD)
O Hand holding a sword on the blade below guard, point downward, in a quatrefoil border with hilt of sword and blade through border dividing legend, A to left
+ALFONSVS:DEI:GRACIE:REGIS:PO / A
R Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, on floriate cross, Cross of Aviz, in a trefoil border
+ADIVTORIVM:NOSTRVM:IN:NOMI
Image not available
76a Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V (Billion Espadim 1438AD-1481AD)
O Hand holding a sword on the blade below guard, point downward, in a quatrefoil border with hilt of sword and blade through border dividing legend, A to left, P
+ALFONSVS:DEI:GRACIE:REGIS:PO / A P
R Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, on floriate cross, Cross of Aviz, in a trefoil border
+ADIVTORIVM:NOSTRVM:IN:NOMI
Image not available
77 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V (Billion Cotrim 1438AD-1481AD)
O Crowned letter A bewteen two annulets, small letter P below
+ALF9:D:G:R:P EPTE:DNS / A / P
R Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, in a quatrefoil border flanked by annulets
+ADIVTORIM:NOSTRVM:DOMI9
Image not available
78 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V (Billion Cotrim 1438AD-1481AD)
O Crowned letter A bewteen two annulets, small letter P below
+ALF9:REIS:PORTVGALI
R Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, in a quatrefoil border flanked by annulets
+AIVTORVN:DONS:QVIEECI
Image not available
79 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V (Copper Ceitil 1438AD-1481AD)
O Castle of three towers above a row of waves, wavy lines often three in number
+ALFONSVS:DEL:GRA
R Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, superimposed on floriate cross, Cross of Aviz, a small castle in each angle of the shield cross
+AIVTORIVM:NO
Image not available
80 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V (Copper Ceitil 1438AD-1481AD)
O Castle of three towers above a row of waves, wavy lines often three in number
+ALFONSVS:QVINTI:DEI
R Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, superimposed on floriate cross, Cross of Aviz, a small castle in each angle of the shield cross
+ALFONSVS:QVINTI:D
Image not available
81 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V (Copper Ceitil 1438AD-1481AD)
O Castle of three towers above a row of waves, wavy lines often three in number, small letter L in field
+ALF9 CEPETED / L
R Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, superimposed on floriate cross, Cross of Aviz, a small castle in each angle of the shield cross
+REX I PORTVGALIE
Image not available
82 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V (Copper Ceitil 1438AD-1481AD)
O Castle of three towers above a row of waves, wavy lines often three in number, small letter C to left of castle
+ALFOS9 EPCE / C
R Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, superimposed on floriate cross, Cross of Aviz, a small castle in each angle of the shield cross
+REX I PORTVGALIE
Image not available
82a Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V (Copper Ceitil 1438AD-1481AD)
O Castle of three towers above a row of waves, wavy lines often three in number, small letters C E to left of castle
+ALFOS9 EPCE / C E
R Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, superimposed on floriate cross, Cross of Aviz, a small castle in each angle of the shield cross
+REX I PORTVGALIE
Image not available
83 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V (Copper Ceitil 1438AD-1481AD)
O Castle of three towers above a row of waves, wavy lines often three in number
+AIVTORIVM:ONS:QI FECHT
R Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, superimposed on floriate cross, Cross of Aviz, a small castle in each angle of the shield cross
+AIVTORIRIVM:ONS:QI FECHT
Image not available
84 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V (Copper Ceitil 1438AD-1481AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, superimposed on a floriate cross, a small castle in each angle of the shield cross
+ALFONSVS:DEI
R Castle of three towers above a row of waves, wavy lines often three in number
:DONI : CEPTE:AL
Image not available
85 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V (Copper Real Preto 1438AD-1481AD)
O Crowned letter A, small letter P to right
+ALF9 TVG / L [usually some form of ALFONSVS REX PORTVG]
R Cross of five shields, each with five billets in form of X, on a shield
......ONS...... [usually some form of +ADIVTORIVM]
Image not available
85a Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V (Copper Real Preto 1438AD-1481AD)
O Crowned letter A, small letter L to right
+ALF9 TVG / P [usually some form of ALFONSVS REX PORTVG]
R Cross of five shields, each with five billets in form of X, on a shield
......ONS...... [usually some form of +ADIVTORIVM]
Image not available
86 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V, in pretense of the throne of Castile and Leon (Silver Real Grosso 1438AD-1481AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in X form, on a shield, on floriate cross, four to ten castles around, on shield flanked by annulets
ALFONSVS:DEI:GRACIA:REX CAST
R Arms of Spain surrounded by a circular border containing the legend
+ALFONSVS.DEI.GRACI REGIS:CAST
Image not available
86a Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V, in pretense of the throne of Castile and Leon (Silver Real Grosso 1438AD-1481AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in X form, on a shield, on floriate cross, four to ten castles around, on shield flanked by annulets, P above
ALFONSVS:DEI:GRACIA:REX CAST / P
R Arms of Spain surrounded by a circular border containing the legend
+ALFONSVS.DEI.GRACI REGIS:CAST
Image not available
86b Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V, in pretense of the throne of Castile and Leon (Silver Real Grosso 1438AD-1481AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in X form, on a shield, on floriate cross, four to ten castles around, on shield flanked by annulets, L above
ALFONSVS:DEI:GRACIA:REX CAST / L
R Arms of Spain surrounded by a circular border containing the legend
+ALFONSVS.DEI.GRACI REGIS:CAST
Image not available
86c Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V, in pretense of the throne of Castile and Leon (Silver Real Grosso 1438AD-1481AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in X form, on a shield, on floriate cross, four to ten castles around, on shield flanked by annulets,
ALFONSVS:DEI:GRACIA:REX CAST
R Arms of Spain on a shield surrounded by a circular border containing the legend
+ALFONSVS.DEI.GRACI REGIS:CAST
Image not available
86d Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V, in pretense of the throne of Castile and Leon (Silver Real Grosso 1438AD-1481AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in X form, on a shield, on floriate cross, four to ten castles around, on shield flanked by annulets, P above
ALFONSVS:DEI:GRACIA:REX CAST / P
R Arms of Spain on a shield surrounded by a circular border containing the legend, P above shield
+ALFONSVS.DEI.GRACI REGIS:CAST / P
Image not available
86e Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V, in pretense of the throne of Castile and Leon (Silver Real Grosso 1438AD-1481AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in X form, on a shield, on floriate cross, four to ten castles around, on shield flanked by annulets, L above
ALFONSVS:DEI:GRACIA:REX CAST / L
R Arms of Spain on a shield surrounded by a circular border containing the legend, L above shield
+ALFONSVS.DEI.GRACI REGIS:CAST / L
Image not available
87 Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V, in pretense of the throne of Castile and Leon (Silver Real Grosso 1438AD-1481AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in X form, on a shield, on floriate cross, four to ten castles around, on shield flanked by annulets
+ALFONSVS:DEI:GRCIA:REX:CASTELE:C
R Arms of Spain surrounded by a circular border containing the legend
+ALFONSVS:DEI:GRCIA:REGIS:CASTELE
Image not available
87a Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V, in pretense of the throne of Castile and Leon (Silver Real Grosso 1438AD-1481AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in X form, on a shield, on floriate cross, four to ten castles around, on shield flanked by annulets, P above
+ALFONSVS:DEI:GRCIA:REX:CASTELE:C / P
R Arms of Spain surrounded by a circular border containing the legend
+ALFONSVS:DEI:GRCIA:REGIS:CASTELE
Image not available
87b Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V, in pretense of the throne of Castile and Leon (Silver Real Grosso 1438AD-1481AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in X form, on a shield, on floriate cross, four to ten castles around, on shield flanked by annulets, L above
+ALFONSVS:DEI:GRCIA:REX:CASTELE:C / L
R Arms of Spain surrounded by a circular border containing the legend
+ALFONSVS:DEI:GRCIA:REGIS:CASTELE
Image not available
87c Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V, in pretense of the throne of Castile and Leon (Silver Real Grosso 1438AD-1481AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in X form, on a shield, on floriate cross, four to ten castles around, on shield flanked by annulets
+ALFONSVS:DEI:GRCIA:REX:CASTELE:C
R Arms of Spain on a shield surrounded by a circular border containing the legend
+ALFONSVS:DEI:GRCIA:REGIS:CASTELE
Image not available
87d Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V, in pretense of the throne of Castile and Leon (Silver Real Grosso 1438AD-1481AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in X form, on a shield, on floriate cross, four to ten castles around, on shield flanked by annulets, P above
+ALFONSVS:DEI:GRCIA:REX:CASTELE:C / P
R Arms of Spain on a shield surrounded by a circular border containing the legend, P above shield
+ALFONSVS:DEI:GRCIA:REGIS:CASTELE / P
Image not available
87e Iberia, Portugal, Alfonso (Afonso) V, in pretense of the throne of Castile and Leon (Silver Real Grosso 1438AD-1481AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in X form, on a shield, on floriate cross, four to ten castles around, on shield flanked by annulets, L above
+ALFONSVS:DEI:GRCIA:REX:CASTELE:C / L
R Arms of Spain on a shield surrounded by a circular border containing the legend, L above shield
+ALFONSVS:DEI:GRCIA:REGIS:CASTELE / L
Image not available
88 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) II (Gold Justo 1481AD-1495AD)
O Cross of five shields, bases parallel, five billets in X form, on a shield, on a floriate cross, surrounded by a border of three castles above and two to either side, on a crowned shield, palm branches to either side
IOHANS:II:R:PORTVGALIE.ET:ALG.DNS:DNS:D3GVII
R King crowned, seated facing on throne, dressed armor and mantle, holding a sword upright in his right hand
IVSTVS:SICVT:PALMA:FLOREBIT
Image not available
88a Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) II (Gold or Silver ? Reis 1481AD-1495AD)
O Cross of five shields, bases parallel, five billets in X form, on a shield, on a floriate cross, surrounded by a border of three castles above and two to either side, on a crowned shield, palm branches to either side
IOHANS:II:R:PORTVGALIE.ET:ALG.DNS:DNS:D3GVII
R King crowned, standing facing, dressed armor and mantle, holding a sword upright in his right hand
IVSTVS:SICVT:PALMA:FLOREBIT
Image not available
89 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) II (Gold Justo 1481AD-1495AD)
O Cross of five shields, bases parallel, five billets in X form, on a shield, on a floriate cross, surrounded by a border of three castles above and two to either side, on a crowned shield, palm branches to either side
+IOANS: 2 9 : R : PORTVGALIE:ALGAR:DNSD3:GVINE
R King crowned, seated facing on throne, dressed armor and mantle, holding a sword upright in his right hand
IVSTVS:SICVT:PALMA:FLOREBIT
Image not available
90 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) II (Gold Cruzado 1481AD-1495AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, on a larger shield, all in a tressure of five arches, crowned
+IOANES:SECDVO REGIS:POR
R Cross of Saint George in a quatrefoil border
+IOANIS:SECVDI:REGI:PORT
Image not available
91 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) II (Gold Cruzado 1481AD-1495AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, on a larger shield, all in a tressure of five arches, crowned
+IOHANES:II:R:P:ET:A:D:GVIN
R Cross of Saint George in a quatrefoil border
+IOHANES:II:R:P:ET:A:D:GVI
Image not available
92 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) II (Gold Cruzado 1481AD-1495AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, on a larger shield, all in a tressure of five arches, crowned
+IOHANES:II:R:P:ET:A:D:GVINEE
R Cross of Saint George in a quatrefoil border
+IOHANES:II:R:P:ET:A:D:GVINE
Image not available
93 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) II (Gold Espadim or Half Justo 1481AD-1495AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, on a larger crowned shield, between two annulets
+IHNS: I : I : R : P :ET: ALG : DNS Q3 : GVINEE
R Hand holding a sword on the blade below the guard, point downward, all in a quatrefoil border with the hilt of the sword and the blade vertically passing through the border and interrupting the legend, a small letter L in field
+IHNS:II:R:P:DNDQ3:GVI / L
Image not available
94 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) II (Gold Espadim 1481AD-1495AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, on a larger crowned shield, between two annulets
+IOHANES:I:I:R:P:ET:ALG:GVINE
R Hand holding a sword on the blade below the guard, point downward, all in a quatrefoil border with the hilt of the sword and the blade vertically passing through the border and interrupting the legend, a small letter L in field
IOHANES:II:R P:ET:A:D:GVINE / L
Image not available
95 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) II (Gold Espadim 1481AD-1495AD)
O Crowned letter Y between small letter L and an annulet
+IOHANES:II:R:P:ET:A:D:G:I: / Y / L
R Crowned shield with cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, all on a shield, an annulet to either side
+IOHANES:II:R:P:ET:A:D:G:
Image not available
96 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) II (Silver Vintem 1481AD-1495AD)
O Crowned letter Y between small letter P and an annulet
+IOANES:I:I:R:P:ET:A:D:GINE / Y / P
R Crowned shield with cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, all on a shield, an annulet to either side
+IOANES:I:I:R:P:ET:A:D:GIE
Image not available
97 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) II (Silver Vintem 1481AD-1495AD)
O Crowned letter Y
+IOHANES:SECVNDO:R:PO / Y
R Crowned shield with cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, all on a shield, an annulet to either side
CI:ET:VL:DOMINVS:GVINE
Image not available
98 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) II (Silver Vintem 1481AD-1495AD)
O Crowned letter Y
+CI:ET VL:DOMINVS:GVINEE
R Crowned shield with cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, all on a shield, an annulet to either side
+CI:ET VL:DOMINVS:GVINEE
Image not available
99 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) II (Silver Half Vintem 1481AD-1495AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, all on a larger cross
+IOHANES.II.R.PORTV
R Floriate Cross of Aviz
CT ET VLTRA DOMINEE
Image not available
100 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) II (Copper Ceitil 1481AD-1495AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, all on a larger cross, castles in the angles of the shield cross
+IOANES.SECVDS:REIS:PORT
R Castle of three towers above a row of waves, wavy lines often three in number
+ADIVTORIVM:DOMIN...
Image not available
101 Iberia, Portugal, John (Joao) II (Copper Ceitil 1481AD-1495AD)
O Cross of five shields, each with five billets in the shape of an X, all on a larger cross, castles in the angles of the shield cross
+IOHANES.II.R:P:ET:ALGARD...
R Castle of three towers above a row of waves, wavy lines often three in number
+CITRA ET VL:DOMINVS:GVINE
Image not available

Index of Iberian Coins


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