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Nero (54 - 68AD)

Born as L Domitius Ahenobarbus on 15 December 37 AD to Agrippina Jr and Domitius Ahenobarbus. His name was changed to Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus in 50 AD at the time of his adoption by Claudius. The first years of his reign were managed by Seneca and Burrus. When Burrus died in 62 AD and Seneca retired, Nero's vast spending caused him to become hated by the citizenry.

In 65 AD a group of Senators let by Gaius Calpurnius Piso organized a plot to assassinate him. Piso's intent was to assassinate Nero and have the Praetorian Guard, under Ofonius Tigellinus, proclaim him emperor. The plot, known as the Pisonian Conspiracy was uncovered the night before it was to be executed, and several Senators were executed. Piso was ordered to commit suicide, and others such as the poet Lucan and philosopher Seneca were forced to do the same. Finally in 68 AD, a number of revolts arose in the provinces of Africa, Spain, and Gaul. Nero fled Rome and eventually committed suicide in Ostia.

The Great Fire of Rome occurred during his reign in 64 AD. Tradition has long held that the fire was started by Nero himself and that he recited poetry or 'fiddled' as the city burned. This is most likely a fabrication.

RIC I - Nero, 28: AR Denarius, 17x19mm (Rome) 60-61AD
Obverse: NERO - CAESAR - AVG - IMP
Bare head of Nero right.
Reverse: PONTIF MAX - TR P VII COS III P P / EX - S C
EX to left and S C to right of Roma, helmeted and in military dress, standing right, left foot on helmet by dagger and bow, right hand inscribing round shield held in left hand on knee.

RIC I - Nero, 312: AE As, 26x27mm (Rome) 65AD
Obverse: NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP
Laureated head of Nero right.
Reverse: S - C, SPQR
S and C to left and right of Victory flying left, holding in both hands a shield inscribed SPQR.

Obverse Legends:
AGRIPP AVG DIVI CLAVD NERONIS CAES MATER
DIVVS CLAVDIVS AVGVSTVS
IMP NERO CAESAR AVG
IMP NERO CAESAR AVG GERM
IMP NERO CAESAR AVG GERMANIC
IMP NERO CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS
IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P MAX
IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P MAX TRIB POT P P
IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P MAX TR POT P P
IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P MAX TR P P
IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P MAX TR P P P
IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P M TR POT P P
IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P M TR P P P
IMP NERO CAESAR AVG PONT
IMP NERO CAESAR AVG PONTIF
IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P P
IMP NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS
NERO CAE AVG IMP
NERO CAESAR
NERO CAESAR AVG GER IMP
NERO CAESAR AVG GERM IMP
NERO CAESAR AVG IMP
NERO CAESAR AVG IMP TR POT P P
NERO CAESAR AVG IMP TR POT XI P P P
NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS
NERO CAES AVG IMP
NERO CL CAE AVG
NERO CL CAE AVG GER
NERO CL CAES AVG GER
NERO CL DIVI F CAES AVG P M TR P II
NERO CLA CA AVG GER
NERO CLA CAE AVG GER
NERO CLA CAE AVG GERM
NERO CLA CAESAR AVG GER
NERO CLA CAES AVG GER
NERO CLAV CAE AVG
NERO CLAV CAE AVG GER
NERO CLAV CAE AVG GER P M TR P IM
NERO CLAV CAESAR AVG
NERO CLAV CAESAR AVG GER
NERO CLAV CAES AVG GER
NERO CLAVD CAE AVG
NERO CLAVD CAE AVG GER
NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG
NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GE
NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER
NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GERM
NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GERMA
NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GERMAN
NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GERMANI
NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GERMANIC
NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GERMANICV
NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS
NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GERM IMP P P
NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP
NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P
NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P
NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP
NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P
NERO CLAVD CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P
NERO CLAVD CAES AVG GER
NERO CLAVD CAES AVG GERM
NERO CLAVD DIVI CLAVD F CASEAR GERM
NERO CLAVD DIVI CLAVD F CASEAR GERMA
NERO CLAVD DIVI CLAVD F CASEAR GERMAMI
NERO CLAVD DIVI F CAES AVG GERM IMP TR P COS
NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GER
NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM
NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERMA
NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERMA IMP
NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERMAN
NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERMANIC
NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS
NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P
NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR P IMP P P
NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P
NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GER P M TR P IMP P P
NERO CLAVDIVS CAES AVG
NERO CLAVDIVS CAES AVG GERM

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