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The Gold Coins of England

Robert Lloyd Kenyon, 1884
Edward V (9 Jun 1483-26 Jun 1483)

Table of Contents


On the 20th of May, after Edward IVís death, Sir William Hastings was appointed Master and Worker of the Mint, and so Warden of the Exchange, for life, with all the profits of the office and without paying any rent to the king, according to the form of an indenture to be made between the king and him. This indenture was never executed; but Ross of Warwick, who wrote early in Henry VIIís reign, says, in a passage quoted by Ruding, ďIn the new kingís name the laws were, as usual, administered, the money then made was struck and fashioned in his name, and in his name all the usual forms were observed which his dignity as king required.Ē It seems therefore that money was actually struck in his name; and even had this passage not existed, it would perhaps have been reasonable to attribute to him certain very rare angels and groats of the same type as his fatherís but having for MM the boarís head, which is well known as the badge of the Protector Gloucester, afterwards Richard III, but which is not known to have been used by any other of the descendants of Edward III, by whom it had been originally adopted. Gloucester was never in such power or favour at his brotherís court as to make it likely that his badge should be placed upon his brotherís coins, whereas none would have been more likely to have been placed on those of his nephew during his own protectorate.

The only angel we know with this MM is of identically the same type as the later ones of Edward IV, and reads EDWARD x DI x GRA x REX ANGL x Z x FRANC :: Rev. PER CRVCEM TVA SALVA NOS XPC REDEMP : MM obv. boarís head, rev, rose and sun united. (42), MB.

No other denominations of gold coins with the boarís head MM are known. All those which have the rose and sun MM are sometimes attributed to Edward V, but the rose and sun was the well-known cognizance of Edward IV, and is therefore as likely as the boarís head is unlikely to have been placed on his own coins; and though the dies of Edward IV, with his last MM, are very likely to have been used, as on the above coin, in conjunction with the new ones of Edward V, and also, as we shall see was the case, with those of Richard III, it is very improbable that more than one new MM can have been authorized for the coinage during the very short reign of Edward V.

Edward IV (1461-1483) | Table of Contents | Richard III (1483-1485)

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