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The Silver Coins of England

Edward Hawkins, 1841
Mint Marks - Henry VII

Table of Contents

Henry VII.

Groats..

London.
Rose, cross at sides of neck, trefoil after POSVI. p. 120.
Rose, cross at sides of neck, cross after POSVI. p. 121.
Lis upon rose. p. 121.
Lis upon rose, cross after POSVI. p. 121.
Lis upon rose, cross after POSVI, two crosses at end of obv. legend. p. 121. (362).
Lis upon rose, same but rose on breast. p. 121.
Cross. p. 121.
Cross fitchée, cross at sides of neck, before POSVI. two at end of obv. legend. p. 121. (361).

Half-groats.

Canterbury.
Ton, cross at sides of neck, M in centre of rev. Eye of Providence after POSVI. p. 121. (363).
Ton, cross at sides of neck, trefoil before TAS. p. 121.
Rose, M in centre of rev. p. 121.
Rose, lis at sides of neck, pellet? on breast, M in centre of rev. p. 121.

London.
Lis on rose. p. 121. (364).
Lis, rosettes in various parts of legends, lozenge in centre of rev. p. 122. (365).
MM uncertain, rev. MM. rosette. p. 122.

York.
Lis, rosettes in various pars of the legens, lozenge in centre of rev. p. 122.
Lis, rev. cross.

Open Crown.

Penny.

York.
Rose, T and key at sides of neck. p. 120.
Rose, T at each side of neck. p. 120.
Rose, T and lis at sides, H in centre of rev. p. 120.

Canterbury.
Ton, cross at sides of neck, M. in centre of rev. p. 122. (366).

Halfpenny.

London.
Lis on rose, p. 122. (368).
Cross, cross at sides of neck. p. 122. (369).
Cross, three pellets at sides of neck. p. 122.

Arched Crown.

Groats.

London.
Greyhound's head. p. 123. (373).
Anchor. p. 123.
Escallop, rosettes in various parts of the legends. p. 123. (372).
Cross crosslet. p. 123.
Small trefoil on rev. p. 123.
Small trefoil on rev., cross at sides of neck. p. 123. (371).
Lis above half rose. p. 123. (381).
Heraldic cinquefoil. p. 123. (380).
Cinquefoil pierced. p. 123.
Leopard's head crowned. p. 123.

Half-groats.

London.
Lis, rosettes in legend, lozenge in centre of rev. p. 124. (374.)

Canterbury.
No MM. cross at sides of neck; rev. cross, M in centre, eye after POSVI. p. 124. (382).
Ton. p. 124.
Ton and cinquefoil. p. 124.
Ton, rev. lis, rosettes in legend. p. 124.
Ton and lis, rosettes in legend. p. 124.
Lis, trefoils in legend, rev. rosettes in legend. p. 124.

York.
Martlet, key at sides of neck. p. 124. (375).

Pennies.

Canterbury.
Ton. p. 125. (376).

Halfpence.

London.
Lis. p. 125.

Canterbury.
Lis. p. 125.
Lis, rosettes in legend. p. 125. (378).

York.
MM ? key under bust. p. 125. (377).
Cross voided. p. 125.

Profile Head.

Shillings.

London.
Lis, lis or trefoil in forks of cross. p. 126. (383).

Groats.

London.
Lis. p. 126. (384).
Cross crosslet. p. 126.
Pheon. p. 126.
Greyhound. p. 126.

Half-groat.

London.
Lis. p. 126.
Cinquefoil. p. 126.
Martlet. p. 126. (385).
Pheon. p. 126.

York.
Martlet, two keys under shield.
Cinquefoil; rev. martlet, two keys under shield.

Pennies.

Durham.
D. S. p. 127.
I. S. p. 127.
Crozier. p. 127. (387).
R. D. p. 127.
Mitre. p. 127.
D. R. p. 127.

York.
Two keys under shield. p. 127.

London.
Very small cross. p. 128.
Lis. p. 128.

The junction of the lis and rose is supposed to allude to the union of the rival houses in the persons of Henry VII. and Elizabeth, the lis being a favourite badge of the Lancastrians, as the rose was that of York. Sometimes it is expressed by stamping one upon the other as (362), sometime by one issuing from the other as (381).

The M and ton upon the Canterbury coins are part of the rebus or punning symbol of the name of Abp. Morton, during whose prelacy they were struck.

The greyhound was assumed as a badge by Henry VII., perhaps in compliment to his wife, who derived it from her grandmother's family of Neville, or more probably because it was borne by his own maternal great grandfather, John de Beaufort, the Earl of Somerset.

The eye of Providence is placed immediately after POSVI, that the name and the symbol of the Divinity may be in juxta position.

The martlet generally appears upon coins of York, very rarely upon those of any other place, but its import or its reference has escaped detection.

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