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The Silver Coins of England

Edward Hawkins, 1841
Sole Monarchs of England - Eadgar and Eadweard II

Table of Contents

Eadgar, 958 to 975.

Eadgar, during the life of his brother, had been elected king of all the country between the Thames and the Firth of Forth, and upon the death of that prince in 958, became king of all Britain, being the first monarch under whom all the kingdoms of the Heptarchy became really and permanently united. His coins present but slight variations from those of his predecessors; his head is crowned as theirs, but sometimes only encircled with a fillet. He is generally styled Rex; sometimes the word Anglorum, at length or in part, is added; sometimes TO. BI. probably intended for totius Britanniae; sometimes other letters which are probably only minters' marks, as are the crescents, the lines, or the pellets, which occur not unfrequently after the word rex, intermixed with the letters of the legends, or placed within the field. Not less than 170 variations of moneyers' names, and between 70 and 80 of mints, are mentioned. The moneyers' names very frequently occur without the place of mintage. His coins are generally lighter than those of his predecessors, weight 20 or 22 gr., very rarely 24. The types of his coins are,
  1. The king's head to the right crowned. Rev. small cross with sometimes one or more crosses or other ornaments in the field. (199). Rud. xx. 1-5. xxviii. 1. MB. 8. v. r./
  2. King's head to the left, filleted, confined within the inner circle. Rev. small cross. (200). Rud. xx. 6, 7, 8. MB. 20. r.
  3. Small cross, with, rarely, the letter M or some small object in the field. Rev. moneyer's name in two or three lines with crosses, &c. Rud. xxi. 9-13. xxviii. 2. MB. 66. Or with a rosette on the obverse instead of a cross. xxx. 23. BARKER.
  4. Small cross on each side with occasionally some small ornament. (201). Rud. xxi. 14-20. MB. 23.
  5. Rosete of dots instead of cross. Rud. xxi. 21, 22. MB. 5.

Eadweard II. or the Martyr, 975 to 978.

Eadweard, the eldest son of Eadgar, succeeded his father in 975, being then only 13 years of age. In 978 he was murdered at the gate of Corfe Castle by command of his stepmother Elfrida. His coins are very numerous, notwithstanding the shortness of his reign; and nearly 100 varieties of moneyers' names are mentioned. His coins with one exception resemble his father's No. 2, the king's bust encircled by a filleted diadem, and a small cross on the reverse. (202). Rud. xxi. 1-7. One coin in Mr. Cuff's collection resembles that of his half brother and successor (206), a hand from heaven between A and &omega. Rud. C. 20, where the reverse is placed upside down. He is styled Rex Anglorum, sometimes more or less abbreviated; and the mint as well as the moneyer is almost univerally mentioned. The Roman VV is used in the king's name upon some coins of Lincoln; upon other occasions it is the Saxon P. His coins are generally light, being about 22 gr., scarcely over 24.

Eadred and Eadwig | Table of Contents | Aethelraed II

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