Dictionary of the Coins
of the World

 

This is an ongoing work (one of those never-ending projects) consisting of a compilation of all known names used for coins from the ancient times to the present. Where possible, a description of coins of that name is given, as well as the most likely origin of the name, including translations. In many cases, links are made to pages which will show various examples of that denomination. Obviously, the images not all-inclusive but hopefully will give the user an idea of what some of the coin denominations looked like and how coins of the same name differ from country to country and through time.

J

Jacobus - A variant name for the unite.† A former gold coin of England issued by James I.

{1605-1615: Latinized equivalent of James after James I who first introduced the coin.}

[England]

Jaquesa - A Spanish copper coin referred to in ordinances issued in the 14th century.† It probably received its name from the city of Jaca which at one time was the captial of Aragon.† Some writers claim that it was first issued by Sancho Ramirez I (1053-1094) of Aragon.

{From Spanish jaquesa from Jaca, capital of Aragon.}

[Spain]

Jawa - [Nepal]

Jedid - [Egypt]

Jedid EshrefÓ Altin - [Egypt]

Jew Pfennigs - A name given to private copper tokens of pfennig size, struck in Frankfurt during the first two decades of the 19th century.† They were declared illegal in 1823.

[German States-Frankfurt]

Jiao - A copper-zinc coin and monetary unit of the People's Republic of China valued at the tenth part of a yuan and equal to 10 fen.† Also chiao.

{1970-1975: From Chinese jiao}

[China-People's Republic]

Jital

Joannes - Variant name of the johannes.

Johannes - Plural johannes.† A gold coin formerly used as currency in Portugal† It was first issued in the early 18th century.† Also joannes.

{1750-1760: After the name joannes (John V of Portugal) in the coins legend.}

[Portugal]

Judenkopfgroschen - A groschen struck in Saxon Thuringia during the 15th century which depicted a man's head with beard and pointed cap. In that era most Gentiles were clean-shaven while Jewish men went bearded.

{From German juden Jew's + kopf† head + groschen groschen.}

[German States-Saxon Thuringia]

Jules - [Avignon]

Justo - A gold coin of John II of Portugal (1481-1495) of the same weight oas the cruzado.† On the reverse, the ruler is seated on his throne, in armor.

{From Portuguese justo justice from Latin iustus justice; the first word in the reverse legend (IVSTVS: SICVT: PALMA: FLOREBIT).

[Portugal]

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