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R

Raderalbus - An albus with design showing the wheel of Mainz.  It was equivalent to 32 hellers within the domains of the archbishopric.

{From German rad wheel + er er + albus albus.}

[German States-Mainz]

Rand - A coin and monetary unit of the Republic of South Africa, equal to 100 cents.

{1960-1965: From African rand after The Rand (witwatersrand) a major gold mining area.}

[South Africa]

Rappan - [Swiss Cantons]

Rappen - Plural rappen. A denar of Switzerland and the Upper Rhine.  The name rappen seems to have become current in the 14th century.  Some ratios are:  6 rappen = 1 blaffert = 1/2 groschen; 10 rappen = 4 kreuzer = 1 batzen;  100 rappen = 100 centimes = 1 franc.

{From Swiss German rappen, from late Middle High German rappen a type of coin first minted in the Alsace.  The name means raven (a jocular reference to the eagle on the coin).  A declensional variant of the Middle High German rappe, a by form of raben from Old High German hraban.}

[German States, Switzerland-Cantons, Switzerland]

Reaal - [Curacao (Netherlands Antilles)]

Real - Plural reals.  A Spanish silver coin first issued by Peter I (1350-1369) of Castile and Leon under the name of nummus realis (money of the king) from which the name real was derived.  A former silver coin of Spain and Spanish America, the eighth part of a peso.

The first Portuguese reals were struck by Ferdinand I (1367-1383) with a value of 10 dinheiros.  Variations were issued including the real cruzado (9 dinheiros), the real grosso (11 dinheiros), the real of 3˝ libras, the real of 10 solodos, and the reals branco and prieto.  These latter two coins in billion and copper respectively.  The real was issued in half and quarter units.

{1605-1615: From Spanish real royal from Latin regalis regal.}

[Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Domincan Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Spain, Venezuela]

Reale - Variant form of real.

Reales - Plural of reale.

Reals - Plural of real.

Rechenpfennig - Unofficial counters or tokens struck for use on counting boards and as gaming tokens.  Most rechenpfennigs were struck between the 15th and the early 19th centuries.

{From German rechen counter? + pfennig pfennig.}

[German States]

Reichsgulden - gulden coined according to imperial standard.  While any gulden of proper weight and fineness struck between 1524 and 1806 could legitimately bear this title, it is generally reserved for 2/3-reichsthaler pieces minted between 1667 and 1837.

[German States]

Reichsmark - German monetary unit from 1924 to 1945, equal to 100 reichspfennigs.

[Germany]

Reichsort - [German States]

Reichspfennig - One hundredth of the reichsmark.

[Germany]

Reichsthaler - The legal thaler of the German Empire.  From 1753 until 1806 (1837) it was generally a money of account worth 1 1/2 reichsgulden or 2/4 speciethaler.

[German Empire]

Reis - A former money of account of Portugal and Brazil.

[Angola, Brazil, Mozambique, Portugal]

Rentenmark -

Rentenpfennig - A German monetary unit from 1923 to 1924, equal to 1/100 mark.

[Germany]

Rhine-gold Ducat - A gold coin of Baden, struck under Charles Frederick (1746-1811) until Frederic (1852-1907).

[German States-Baden]

Rial - A silver or cupronickel coin and monetary unit of Iran, equal to 100 dinars.  Silver coin of Iran worth 20 pahlavi.  Sudanese monetary unit equal to 1/10 pound.

{From Old French rial, real royal.  From Persian from Arabic riy_l riyal.}

[Iran, Morocco, Persia, Yemen Arab Republic]

Rial Omani - A paper money, coin and monetary unit of Oman, equal to 100 baiza.  Abbr. OR.

{From Arabic riyal riyal + uman Oman + i the suffix of appurtenance.}

Ridder - Name given in the Low Countries to a coin introduced in Hainaut by Margaret of Constantinople worth 2/3 of a gros tournois and twice an English sterling penny.  The name derives from the horseman on it.  Also called a cavalier.

Rider - [Scotland]

Riel - A paper money and monetary unit of Cambodia, equal to 100 sen.

Rigsbankdaler - [Denmark]

Rigsbankskilling - [Denmark]

Rigsdaler - The Scandanavian equivalent of the reichsthaler.  A former silver coin of Denmark equal to 16 skillings.  Also rix dollar.

{From Danish}

[Denmark, Norway]

Rigsdaler Species - [Denmark]

Rigsmontskilling - [Denmark]

Rijksdaaler - [Netherlands]

Rijksdaalder - A cupronickel or silver coin of the Netherlands equal to 2˝ guilders.  Also, a former silver coin of the Netherlands, equal to 40 stivers; rix dollar.

{From Danish, equivalent to rijk realm or kingdom + connective -s- + daalder dollar.  A dollar of the kingdom.}

[Netherlands]

Rijsdaalder - Dutch daalder approximating the reichsthaler standard during the mid 16th to the end of the 18th century.  It was actually worth about 25% more than the reichsthaler toward the close of its life.  It was equal to 50 stuiver.

[Netherlands]

Riksdaler - [Sweden]

Riksdaler Riksmynt - [Sweden]

Riksdaler Specie - [Sweden]

Rin - Plural rin.  A money of account of Japan, the thousandth part of a yen or the tenth part of a sen.

{From Japanese ri(n) from Middle Chinese, equivalent to Chinese li.  See liken.}

[Japan]

Ringgit - Also called dollar.  A paper money, cupronickel coin, and monetary unit of Malaysia, equal to 100 sen.

{1965-1970: From Malay ri_git serrated or milled.}

[Malaysia]

Rixdaler - [Liege, Netherlands East Indies]

Rixdollar? - British silver coin minted for Ceylon.

{From Dutch rijksdaler dollar of the realm.}

[Ceylon]

Riyal - A bronze coin and monetary unit of Qatar, equal to 100 dirhams.

A silver coin and monetary unit of Saudi Arabia, equal to 100 halala or 20 qurush.

A coin and monetary unit of the Yemen Arab Republic, equal to 100 fils or 40 buqshas.  Also rial.

{From Arabic riyal from Spanish real real royal.}

[Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Yemen Arab Republic]

Robell - Variant form of rouble.

Roble - Variant form of rouble.

Rooble - Variant form of rouble.

Rosen Nowel - The rose noble in Denmark.

Rose Noble - A former gold coin of England, first issued by Edward IV, being the existing noble with a figure of a rose added to the types on either side.  It was much imitated on the Continent, especially in the Netherlands.  Also ryal.  Also struck in Denmark with the denomination rosen nowel.

{From English rose the devices on either side of the coin + noble noble.}

[Denmark, England]

Rose Ryal - [Great Britain, Riga]

Rosine - A gold doppia struck in Livorno from 1717 to 1721.  It had on the obverse arms and, on the reverse, a rose bush.  Also pezza d'oro della rosa.

[Italian States-Livorno]

Rouble - Silver coin worth 100 kopecks and 1/10 chervonets.

{From Russian _____ rubl' from Old Russian rubli stamp or plug, a derivative of rubiti to chop; probably originally denoting a piece cut from a silver bar, or a bar notched for division into smaller pieces.  Also _________ silver rouble.}

[USSR]

Royal - A gold coin of Hainaut, struck under Count William III (1356-1389) showing the ruler standing on the obverse and a cross on the reverse.

Rubbel - Variant form of rouble.

Rubbell - Variant form of rouble.

Rubble - Variant form of rouble.

Rubel - Variant form of rouble.

Rubiya - [Egypt]

Ruble - [Poland]

Rufiyaa - A coin and monetary unit of the Maldives, equal to 100 laris.

[Maldive Islands]

Ruma Altin - [Turkey]

Rupee -  A former silver coin of India worth 16 annas.  Also, a cupronickel coin and monetary unit of India, Nepal and Pakistan, equal to 100 paise.  Abbr. R. or Rp.

Also, a cupronickel coin and monetary unit of Mauritius, the Seychelles, and Sri Lanka equal to 100 cents.

A former monetary unit of Bhutan, equal to 100 naye paise.

{From Hindustani r_piyah from Old Sanskrit rupya wrought silver.}

[Afghanistan, India-British, India, Indonesia, Iran, Kenya, Mauritius, Nepal, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Tibet, United Arab Emirates, Yemen]

Rupia - [India-Portuguese, Somalia]

Rupiah - Plural rupiah, rupiahs.  An aluminum coin, paper money and monetary unit of Indonesia, equal to 100 sen.  Abbr. Rp.  See rupee.

[Indonesia]

Rupie - [German East Africa (Tanzania)]

Rupien - [German East Africa (Tanzania)]

Ruspo - Also ruspone.  The FLORIN or ZECCHINO of the lily struck in Florence by the Grand Dukes of Tuscany.  The name is equivalent to ‘rough’.

Ruspone - A gold coin of Tuscany, struck after 1737 under the Austrian Hapsburgs.  It had the value of three florins.  In Florence, it was struck from 1719 to 1836.  Both coins had Saint John seated on the obverse and a lily on the reverse.

[Austro-Hungarian]

Ryal - An Old English coin weighing 120 grains first issued by Edward IV and equivalent to 10 shillings.  It was later raised to 15 shillings under Elizabeth I.  It was first issued in place of the debased noble of Henry IV and bore the design of the noble but with a rose added.  Thus, it was often called a rose noble.  Also, one of two Scottish coins: 1)  A gold coin equal to 60 shillings or 3 pounds issued by Mary Queen of Scots.  2) A silver coin equivalent to 30 shillings issued by Mary and James VI.

{From Middle English ryal, rial royal.}

[Hejaz, Iran, Nejd, Persia, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Zanzibar (Tanzania)]

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