Dictionary of the Coins
of the World

 

This is an ongoing work (one of those never-ending projects) consisting of a compilation of all known names used for coins from the ancient times to the present. Where possible, a description of coins of that name is given, as well as the most likely origin of the name, including translations. In many cases, links are made to pages which will show various examples of that denomination. Obviously, the images not all-inclusive but hopefully will give the user an idea of what some of the coin denominations looked like and how coins of the same name differ from country to country and through time.

T

Tael -

{From Portuguese from Malay tahil liang.}

[China]

Taka - A paper money, cupronickel coin and monetary unit of Bangladesh, equal to 100 poiska.

{From Bengali taka.}

[Bangladesh]

Takoe -

Tala - A paper money, cupronickel or silver coin, and monetary unit of Western Samoa, equal to 100 sene.

{From Samoan tala from English dollar dollar.}

[Western Samoa]

Talar - Variant form of thaler.

Talara

Talari

Taler - Variant form of thaler.

Tallero - The thaler in the Italian States.

[Italian States]

Tambala - A bronze coin and monetary unit of Malawi, the 100th part of a kwacha.

[Malawi]

Tamlung - [Thailand]

Tanga - Either of two former coins of India, one gold and one silver, issued by various muslim leaders.

A former bronze coin of Portuguese India that was issued until 1961.  It was worth 960 reis or 1/16 (1/10?) rupee.

A former silver coin of Tibet of varying weight and fineness.

{From Hindi tanga from Arabic tanga cash, gold or copper coin.  (Page 331)}

[India-Portuguese]

Tangcha - A small silver coin.

{From Arabic tangcha a small silver coin.  (Page 330)}

Tangka - Variant name for the tanga in Tibet.

Tanka -

{From arabic tanka, tanaka, tunuka a leaf or sheet of metal, of gold or silver; gold money.  (Page 329)}

[Nepal]

Tankah - [India-Independent Kingdom]

Tanki - [India-Mughal]

Tareno -

Tari - A silver coin issued by the Kings of Aragon for circulation in Naples and Sicily.  Also, the Italian name for the Arabic gold quarter dinars.

[Italian States-Sicily]

Tek - {From Turkish tek a single thing (unit?)}

[Turkey]

Tek Altin -

{From Turkish tek single + altin gold.}

[Turkey]

Tenga - A copper coin of the Khwarezm Soviet People's Republic.

[Khwarezm Soviet People's Republic]

Ternar - [Poland]

Terner - A silver coin of Poland introduced by Sigismund I (1506-1548) equal to three denars.

[Poland]

Testern - ? [Great Britain]

Teston - A former silver coin of France, equal at various times to between 10 and 142 sols.  It bore on the obverse the bust of the reigning king.

{From French teston from Italian testone augmentative of testa head}

[France, German States, Liege, Swiss Cantons]]

Testone - A former silver coin of Milan, first issued in 1468, bearing on the obverse a bust of the Duke of Milan.

{From Italian testone augmentative of testa head}

[Avignon, Ferrara, German States,Italian States-Milan]

Testoon - A former silver coin of England, issued by Henry VII, Henry VIII and Edward VI, and bearing on the obverse the bust of the reigning king, equal originally to 12 pence, and later to 6 pence.  Another name for the shilling.  See testone.

[England]

Tetradrachm - A silver coin, weighing c. 14 grams, equal to four drachms.

{From Greek tetra four + drachm drachm.}

[Ancient Greece]

Tetraobol - A silver coin equal to four obols.

{From Greek tetra four + obol obol.}

[Ancient Greece]

Thaler - German silver dollar.  Name derived from the Joachimsthaler guldengroschen first coined by the counts of Schlick at Joachimsthal, Bohemia, in 1519.  The thaler (guldengroschen), first coined at Hall, Tyrol, in 1484, with a gross weight of 31.94 grams 0.939 fine, shrank so that by 1873 when it was discontinued it weighed but 18.4 grams 0.906 fine.

[Austria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Switzerland]

Thebe - An aluminum coin and monetary unit of Botswana, the 100th part of a pula.

[Botswana]

Theler - Fictitious value on Frankfurt "Jew pfennigs" of the early 19th century.

[German States-Frankfurt]

Thistle Crown - A gold four-shilling piece of England, struck under James I (1603-1625).  It had a crowned rose on the obverse and a crowned thistle on the reverse.

{From the thistle on the reverse.}

[England]

Thistle Noble - Variant name of the English noble.

Thrimsa - An erroneous name of the Old English trimes or trims, a coin (or money of account) representing the Roman tremis.  In early time, the Merovingian gold tremis circulated in England, where a few are said also to have been struck in the early 7th century; but in the 10th century, the name appears to have been applied to a small silver coin of similar size; perhaps, in some districts, to the sceatt.

{Representative of Old English primsa, prymsa, late altered form of trim(e)sa, trym(e)sa, genetive plural of trimes, trymes, trims (nominative plural trimsas, trymsas) from Latin trmis, the third part of an aureus; also a weight, a drachma; from Old High German drimsa, trimsa: a dragma.}

[England-Anglo Saxon]

Thrymsa - Variant form of thrimsa.

Tical - Plural ticals, tical.  A former silver coin and monetary unit of Siam, equal to 100 satang; it was replaced in 1928 by the baht.  Now, it is used as another name for the baht.

{From Thai from Portuguese from Malay tikal.}

[Thailand]

Tien - [Annam (Vietnam)]

Tiercelle -

Tilla - [Afghanistan, Chinese Turkestan]

Timbre - The name given to a gold coin issued by Alfonso V (1416-1458) of Aragon for use in Valencia.

{From Spanish timbre crest, steal, stamp or merit.}

[Spain]

Timpfe - A debased Polish gulden of 30 grosze struck from 1663 to 1666 by two mintmasters named Tympf.  The name was also given to later debased gulden with a face value of 18 grosze.

[Poland]

Tirolino

Toea - Plural toea, toeasA bronze coin and monetary unit of Papua New Guinea, the 100th part of a kina.

[Papua New Guinea]

Toison d'or - A gold coin issued by Charles V.  It had as a design the Golden Fleece.

Tola - A unit of weight in India: The government tola is 180 ser and equals 180 grains (11.7 grams).  It was the weight of the silver rupee.

{From Hindi tola ultimately from Sanskrit tolaka a weight of gold or silver (in books equal to 16 mashas but, in practice, only 12.}

[India, Nepal]

Tollero - ? [Italian States]

Toman - A coin of Iran, equal to 10 rials.

{1560-1570: From Persian toman, tuman from Turkish tumen ten thousand.}

[Iran Persia]

Tori

Tornese - A copper coin of Naples and Sicily issued by the Aragonese kings during their domination of that area.  The name is derived from the French coin, the gros tournois.

[Italian States-Naples and Sicily]

Tornesi

Tornez - Usually a billion coin but the first issues in the early part of the reign of Peter I (1357-1367) of Portugal seem to have been of good silver.  Later, in the same reign, the silver content was reduced.  They were struck at several mints, and the half tornez also was issued.

[Portugal]

Tostao - A silver coin of Portugal equal to 100 reis.

[Portugal]

Tourelle d'or - A gold coin of the Brabant, struck under Jean II (1383-1406).  The obverse has the Church of Saint Peter at Louvain, and the reverse has a cross.

Tournois - [Avignon, French States, Monaco]

Tournais

Trachea - The name of the Byzantine histamena.

{Greek trachea rough or, by extension, not flat, referring to the cup-shaped fabric of the coin}

Trade Dollar - A silver coin of the United States, containing slightly more silver than the standard dollar.  It was issued from 1873 to 1885 for trade with the Orient.

[Great Britain, Japan, United States of America]

Tram -

[Armenia]

Trambiyo

Tremissis - Plural tremisses.  Also called triens.  A gold coin of the Eastern Roman Empire, the third part of a solidus, first issued in the 3rd century AD.

Also, a Merovingian gold coin imitating this.

{From Late Latin tremissis equal to Latin tre(s) three + missis as in semissis, Late Latin form of semis semis.  (Falsely analyzed as se + missis)}

Trentin - A gold coin of Catalonia, struck from the time of Philip III (1598-1621) to Philip IV (1621-1665).

[Spanish States-Catalonia]

Treseta

Triens - Plural trientes.  A copper coin of ancient Rome issued during the Republic, a third part of an as.

{From Latin triens a third part.}

[Ancient Rome]

Trientes - Plural of triens.

Trihemiobol - A silver coin equal to one and a half obols.

{From Greek tri three + hemi half + obol obol (three half-obols).}

[Ancient Greece]

Trillina - A base silver coin of Milan equal to 3 soldo.

[Italian States-Milan]

Trimes - Also trimesis.

[Anglo Saxon þrymsa trimes]

Trinacria - The name taken by the doppia oncia d'oro (double ounce of gold) of Ferdinando I of Borbone, king of the Two Sicilies (III as king of Sicily).  It was struck in 1814 and had the symbolic figure of the Trinacria? on it. It had a crowned figure with the legend FERDINAN.III.P.F.A.SICILIAR.ET HIER.REX 1814.  The reverse had a wreath with a B and triskeles with face in center.  0.2 below.

Triobol - A silver coin equal to three obols.

{From Greek tri three + obol obol.}

[Ancient Greece]

Trionfo – The gold coin of Charles V coin in Sicity.  It has on it the cross of St Andrew and a heraldic shield with and eagle on it.  Also known as the FLORIN.  The same name of TRIONO was also given to the double CAVALLI of Ferdinando I of Aragon struck in Naples.

Triple Unite - [Great Britain]

Trono - Also tronetto.  A silver coin of 6.52 grams that bears the portrait of Doge Noccolò Tron and was called the LIRA TRON or simply TRONO.  The name of TRONETTO came to be given to a coin of Trentino that was also of the value of a LIRA.

Tughrik - Variant name for the tugrik.

Tugrik - Also tughrik, tukhrik.  An aluminum-bronze or cupronickel coin and monetary unit of the Mongolian People's Republic, equal to 100 mongo and 0.99 rouble.

{From Modern Mongolian tögrög, tögrig H»(D»(, H»(D4( a circle or disk.}

[Mongolia]

Tukhrik - Variant name for the tugrik.

Turner - Also turnor.  A small copper coin current in Scotland from the reign of James VI and I c.1623 to that of William III in 1695 and ceasing to be legal tender after the Union.  Also called a two-penny piece or bodle, and valued at 1/6 of an English penny.  [1710: The craig-herring, which they say is more big than hour herrings, with skails as large as turners]

{Scottish National Dictionary: Old Scottish turnour, 1595, from tournois, a similar coin current in France in the 13th to the 18th Centuries, so called from having been coined at Tours}

[Scotland]

Turnoisgroschen - ? [German States]

Tvronis - denars, groschen etc., purportedly struck at the Tours standard in the 13th through the 15th centuries.  Counterparts of the French denier tournois and the gros tournois.

[German States]

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